Abdul Hamid

Abdul Hamid

Abdul Hamid (politician)

Md. Abdul Hamid
মোঃ আবদুল হামিদ
Abdul Hamid (politician).jpg
20th President of Bangladesh
Assumed office
24 April 2013
Acting: 14 March – 24 April 2013
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Preceded by Zillur Rahman
Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad
In office
25 January 2009 – 24 April 2013
Preceded by Jamiruddin Sircar
Succeeded by Shawkat Ali (Acting)
Deputy Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad
In office
14 July 1996 – 10 July 2001
Preceded by L. K. Siddiqui
Succeeded by Akhtar Hameed Siddiqui
Personal details
Born (1944-01-01) 1 January 1944 (age 73)
Kamalpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bangladesh)
Political party Awami League
Other political
Grand Alliance (2008–present)
Spouse(s) Rashida Hamid
Children Rejwan Ahammad Taufiq, Rasel Ahmed Tuhin, Riad Ahmed, Shorna Hamid
Alma mater University of Dhaka

Md. Abdul Hamid (মোঃ আবদুল হামিদ born 1 January 1944) is the President of Bangladesh, in office since 2013.[1] Previously he served as the Speaker of the National Parliament from January 2009 to April 2013. He was the acting President after the death of Zillur Rahman in March 2013,[2] and he was elected as President on 22 April 2013.[1]

Early life and education

Hamid was born in Kamalpur village, Mithamain Upazila under Kishoreganj District to Md. Tayebuddin and Tomiza Khatun.[2] He started his early education in village primary school. After finishing primary education, he went to his relative’s house in Bhairabpur, Bhairab and joined Bhairab K.B. Pilot High School for secondary education. Hamid passed I.A. and B.A. from Gurudayal Government College in Kishoreganj. He then became a practising lawyer in the Kishoreganj Judge Court. He was appointed the President of Kishoreganj Bar Association several times.

Political career

Hamid joined Chhatra League in 1959 whilst a student in Kishoreganj, as the vice-president of Gurudayal Government College. He was also elected the Vice-President of Chhatra League of Mymensingh District Unit in 1966–67.[3] At the end of 1969, he joined the Awami League. In the 1970 Pakistan general election, Hamid was elected as the Member of Parliament for Mymensingh-18 constituency; he was the youngest person elected. In the general elections of 1973, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2009 he was elected as Member of Parliament for Kishoregonj-5 constituency as a nominee of the Awami League. He was the Deputy Speaker of the National Parliament of Bangladesh when an Awami League government was in office from 1996 to 2001. In 2001, he was appointed as the deputy leader of the opposition party at the National Assembly, replacing Shashi Kumar Gupta. On 25 January 2009, he became the Speaker of the National Parliament.[4] For his contribution to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, he was awarded the Independence Day Award in 2013.


Hamid was appointed acting President of Bangladesh on 14 March 2013 while President Zillur Rahman was in hospital in Singapore. Rahman died six days later.[5] Later Hamid was elected unopposed as President on 22 April 2013. He was sworn into office on 24 April.[3]

Personal life

Hamid is married and he has three sons and one daughter. All the three sons have been married off.[2]

Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid 

Hon’ble President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh 


Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid was born on 1 January, 1944 in Kamalpur of Mithamoin Upazila under Kishoregonj district. His father’s name is Late Hazi Md. Tayeb Uddin and mother’s name is Late Tomiza Khatun.

Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid passed his Matriculation from Nikli G.C. High School and both I.A and B.A from Gurudayal College of Kishoregonj. He obtained Bachelor of Law degree from Central Law College under Dhaka University. Afterwards, he started his profession as a Lawyer.

Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid joined Chhatra League in 1959 and thereby his political career began. While studying in the college, he took leading part in anti-Ayub Movement in 1961. He was imprisoned by the then Pakistan Government in 1962 for his active participation in the student movement and opposing Hamoodur Rahman Education Commission Report. In 1962-63, he was elected General Secretary of Student Union in Gurudayal College of Kishoregonj and in 1965-66 the Vice-President of the same student union. Mr Hamid was the Founder President of Chhatra League of Kishoregonj Sub-division Unit in 1964 and also elected the Vice-President of Chhatra League of Mymensingh District Unit in 1966-67. He was again imprisoned in 1968 for leading student movement. Towards the end of 1969, he joined Awami League.

In 1971, on being instructed by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, he started the movement in Kishoregonj amid tumultuous protest against Pakistani regime to create public opinion in favour of independence. In the wake of movement, he hoisted the flag of independent Bangladesh inscribed with the map in a huge student gathering at Rothkhala field in Kishoregonj on March17, 1971 in which thousands of students and people participated. On receiving the historic proclamation of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu for independence through a telegraphic message in the morning of 26 March in 1971, he instantly joined the Liberation War. With the cooperation of Bangalee Army officers in the early part of April 1971, Mr. Hamid procured approximately tk. 11 Crore and 78 lac from Kishoregonj, Bhairab and Bazitpur branches of National Bank of Pakistan and deposited the whole amount safely in the National Bank of Pakistan at its Brahmanbaria Branch considering that as a safe place of custody at that time for using it for the War of Liberation.

Thereafter, he went to Agartola, India to take part directly in the War of Liberation. At that time, most of the Members of Parliament of greater Chittagong, Noakhali and Comilla had been staying there. Mr. Hamid discussed various strategies of Liberation War with them. Side by side, he exchanged views with the local public representatives and high government officials in Agartola. Later, towards the end of April, he again came back to Bangladesh to further organize people and went back to India. Taking several associates with him, he reached Balat via Tekarhat, Gumaghat, Panchara and Moilam of Meghalaya. He set a Youth Reception Camp in Balat for those who came from Bangladesh to participate in the Liberation War. He was the Chairman of that camp. The primary recruitment of the youth who came from Kishoregonj, Netrokona and Sunamgonj to join the war as freedom fighters, was mainly done in this camp. He was also one of the prominent members of Zonal Administrative Council constituted at Meghalaya to direct the Liberation War and for the better management of the refugees. He also acted as the sub-sector commander of Bangladesh Liberation Force (Mujib Bahini) for Kishoregonj and Sunamgonj Districts. He carried out those responsibilities for the entire period of Liberation War. After the victory of liberation war on 16 December, 1971 he organized meeting at various refugee camps in Meghalaya to motivate the Bangalees who took refuge there to return home. After the homecoming of the refugees, he returned to the country on 10 January 1972.

Mr. Abdul Hamid became the Chairman of Kishoregonj District Relief & Rehabilitation Committee in Independent Bangladesh. In 1974, he was elected Vice-President of Kishoregonj District Awami League. During 1976-1978, Mr. Hamid was imprisoned by the then Military Government after the brutal killing of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He was the President of Kishoregonj District Awami League from 1978 to 2009 and was the President of Kishoregonj District Bar Association for 5 times during the period 1990-96.

In the Pakistan National Assembly Election of 1970, Mr. Hamid was elected the junior most member from Mymensingh-18 Constituency. In 1972 he became the Member of Constituent Assembly (The Constituent Assembly was formed with the members of National Assembly and Provincial Assembly elected in the historic general election of 1970). As a pro-people and grass-root level popular leader of Bangladesh Awami League, he was elected Member of Parliament for several times. In the General Election of 1973, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2009 he was elected Member of Parliament from Kishoregonj-5 Constituency as a nominee of Bangladesh Awami League.

Mr. Md Abdul Hamid was unanimously elected the Deputy Speaker in the Seventh Parliament on 13 July, 1996 and held the post till 10 July, 2001 .Later he became the Speaker of the Parliament on 12 July 2001 and remained so till 28 October 2001. In the Eighth Parliament he served as the Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 01 November, 2001 to 27 October 2006.

Mr. Hamid was elected the Speaker in the Ninth Parliament and served office in this capacity during the period 2009-2013. He was also the Chairman of Working Committee, Standing Committee for Rules and Procedure, Standing Committee for Special Rights and Petition Committee of the Parliament.

Mr. Md Abdul Hamid is an ardent social worker and a patron of education and culture. He established a good number of schools, colleges and madrashas in his constituency including Mithamoin Tomiza Khatun Girls’ High School, Mithamoin Hazi Tayeb Uddin Boys’ High School, Mithamoin College, Astogram College, Alongzuri High School, Itna Girls’ High School, Baribari High School, Abdullahpur High School, Abdul Wadud High School, Kishoregonj Girls’ High School, Dhonpur High School, Shohid Smrity High School, Mohantala High School and Ghagra Abdul Goni High School and many other junior level Schools & Madrashas.

As a member of Sustainable Development Committee of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) from 1997 to 2000 and the member of the Executive Committee of IPU from 2011 to 2013, Mr. Hamid played his due role. He was also the member of the Executive Committee for Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) for two terms from 1999 to 2001 and from 2009 to 2012. He is the Life Member of Kishoregonj District Public Library, District Shilpakala Academy, Red Crescent Society and Kishoregonj Rifles Club respectively. He is also the honorary member of Kishoregonj Press Club and associated with many other philanthropic institutions.

A widely travelled person, Mr. Hamid visited USA, UK, Russia, Canada, India, Gibraltar, Barbados, Egypt, Singapore, UAE, Thailand, Morocco, Saudi-Arabia, South Africa, Namibia, Switzerland, Hong-Kong, Kuwait, Iran, South Korea, Mongolia, China, Sweden, Fiji, Australia, Kiribati, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Japan, Nauru, Maldives, Uganda, Thailand, Bolivia etc. to attend meetings, seminars, symposiums and conferences as a Member of Parliament, as the Deputy Speaker and the Speaker of Bangladesh Parliament.

For his outstanding contribution to our Independence and Liberation War, Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid was conferred the Independence Award-2013, the highest award of the country.

Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid became President in-charge on 14 March 2013 as the then President Md. Zillur Rahman was under treatment in Singapore. After the death of Md. Zillur Rahman on 20 March 2013 in Singapore, Mr. Hamid became Acting President from that day. Later Md. Hamid was elected President uncontested as the 22nd President of Bangladesh on 22 April 2013. He was sworn in to the office of the President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh on 24 April 2013.

Mr. Hamid is married and father of three sons and a daughter. Reading books on history and constitutions of different countries is his favorite pastime. 
Taken From http://www.bangabhaban.gov.bd  and Wikipedia

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