|13th President of Pakistan|
9 September 2018
|Prime Minister||Imran Khan|
|Preceded by||Mamnoon Hussain|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
13 August 2018 – 6 September 2018
|Constituency||NA-247 (Karachi South-II)|
1 June 2013 – 31 May 2018
|Preceded by||Khushbakht Shujaat|
|Born||29 August 1949
Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
|Political party||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf|
|Alma mater||De’Montmorency College of Dentistry
University of Michigan
University of the Pacific
Arif-ur-Rehman Alvi (Urdu: عارف الرحمان علوی; ) is a Pakistani politician who is the 13th and current President of Pakistan, in office since 9 September 2018.
He was a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan from June 2013 to May 2018 and again from August to September 2018. A founding member of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI), Alvi was elected as President of Pakistan on 4 September 2018 following the presidential election.
Early life and education
He was born on 29 August 1949 in Karachi, Pakistan. According to other sources, he was born on 29 July 1949 and according to some sources, he was born in 1947.
His father, Habib-ur-Rehman Elahi Alvi, was a dentist in India who migrated to Karachi after the establishment of Pakistan, and opened a dental clinic in the Saddar Town. His father became politically affiliated with Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan. According to the website of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, Alvi’s father was a dentist of Jawaharlal Nehru.
After completing his early education in Karachi, he moved to Lahore in 1967 for education. He received a Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree from De’Montmorency College of Dentistry. He completed his Master’s degree in prosthodontics from the University of Michigan in 1975. He received a Masters degree in orthodontics in 1984 from the University of the Pacific in San Francisco, California. After returning to Pakistan, he started practicing dentistry and setup Alvi Dental Hospital.
Alvi is married to Samina Alvi. The couple has four married children.
In 1981, he was Chairman of the first Pakistan International Dental Conference. In 1987, he became Chairman of the Third Pakistan International Dental Conference. He became Patron of the Fifth Pakistan International Dental Conference. In 1997, Alvi became a Diplomate of the American Board of Orthodontics. He prepared the constitution of the Pakistan Dental Association and went on to become as its president. He also served as Chairman of the 28th Asia Pacific Dental Congress.
He served as Dean of the Faculty of Orthodontics of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. In 2006, he was elected as the President of Asia Pacific Dental Federation. The next year, he was elected as a Councillor of the FDI World Dental Federation.
Alvi began his political career as a polling agent, and joined a religious party.
While studying at De’Montmorency College of Dentistry, he became an active member of the student unions.He became politically affiliated with Islami Jamiat Talaba, a student wing of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan (JI) and went on to become president of the student union. During his early days, he was a critic of the Ayub Khanregime and was shot twice while participating in a protest 1969 at The Mall, Lahore; a bullet still remains lodged in his body.
He became politically active after Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced the Pakistani general election, 1977.
He ran for a seat on the Provincial Assembly of Sindh as a candidate of the JI from a constituency in Karachi in 1979 but was unsuccessful. In 1988, he quit JI and left politics. According to Alvi, he left the party because he had become disillusioned with their narrow focus on politics and had “always felt honest leadership is the real solution to Pakistan’s problems”.
After getting inspired by Imran Khan he joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf in 1996 and became one of the founding members of the party. He participated in preparing the party constitution of PTI.
He remained a member of the PTI central executive council for a year before becoming president of PTI’s Sindh chapter in 1997.
Alvi ran for the seat of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh as a candidate of PTI from Constituency PS-89 (Karachi South-V) in the Pakistani general election, 1997, but was unsuccessful.He came in third receiving 2,200 votes and losing the seat to Saleem Zia.
In 2001, he became the vice president of PTI.
He ran for the seat of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh as a candidate of PTI from Constituency PS-90 (Karachi-II) in the Pakistani general election, 2002, but was unsuccessful. He came in at sixth place securing 1,276 votes and losing the seat to Umer Sadiq, a candidate of the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA).
In 2006, he became secretary general of PTI, a position he served in until 2013.
He was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan as a candidate of PTI from Constituency NA-250 (Karachi-XII) in the Pakistani general election, 2013. He received 77,659 votes and defeated Khushbakht Shujaat. Upon his successful election, he became the only PTI member to win a National Assembly seat from Sindh in the 2013 general elections.
In 2016, he was made president of the PTI Sindh chapter.
He was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of PTI from Constituency NA-247 (Karachi South-II) in the Pakistani general election, 2018. He received 91,020 votes and defeated Syed Zaman Ali Jaffery, a candidate of Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan.
On 18 August 2018, he was nominated by PTI as its candidate for the office of President of Pakistan. On 4 September 2018, he was elected as 13th President of Pakistan in the Pakistani presidential election, 2018. He received 352 electoral votes and defeated Fazal-ur-Rehman and Aitzaz Ahsan who secured 184 and 124 votes, respectively. Upon getting elected as the President, Alvi thanked Prime Minister Imran Khan, and the government coalition for their support. He became the second dentist in the world after Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow to head a state or a government. He is the third President of Pakistan whose family migrated to Pakistan from India after the Partition of India. On 5 September 2018, he relinquished his National Assembly seat. On 9 September, he replaced Mamnoon Hussain and was sworn in as 13th President of Pakistan. On 17 September, he addressed the National Assembly for the first time in his capacity as President.
2014 PTV attack case
During the Azadi march in August 2014, supporters of PTI stormed the headquarters of Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV). Alvi was named in a police case for his alleged role in the attack on PTV headquarters. In November 2014, an Anti-Terrorism Court issued non-bailable arrest warrant for Alvi.
In March 2015, a petition was filed in the Sindh High Court to disqualify Alvi as a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for his role in the attack on PTV headquarters. Subsequently, the police invoked the anti-terrorism act against Alvi for inciting violence during the 2014 protest.
In January 2018, an anti-terrorism court granted an interim bail to Alvi after his surrender. After getting elected as President of Pakistan in September 2018, Alvi’s lawyer said “Alvi had been elected president, he enjoyed constitutional immunity and could not be tried in criminal cases”.
On 27 September 2018, An anti-terrorism court suspended the proceedings against Alvi and granted him constitutional immunity in the case.
Taken From Wikipedia