Carl XVI Gustaf

Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

Carl XVI Gustaf
King Carl XVI Gustaf at National Day 2009 Cropped.png

The King in 2009
King of Sweden
Reign 15 September 1973 – present
Enthronement 19 September 1973
Predecessor Gustaf VI Adolf
Heir apparent Victoria
Prime Ministers
 
Born (1946-04-30) 30 April 1946 (age 71)
Haga Palace, Solna, Sweden
Spouse Silvia Sommerlath (m. 1976)
Issue
Detail
Crown Princess Victoria
Prince Carl Philip
Princess Madeleine
Full name
Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus
House Bernadotte
Father Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
Mother Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Religion Church of Sweden
Signature Carl XVI Gustaf's signature

Carl XVI Gustaf (full name: Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus, ) is the King of Sweden. He ascended the throne on the death of his grandfather, King Gustaf VI Adolf on 15 September 1973.

He is the youngest child and only son of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. His father died on 26 January 1947 in an airplane crash in Denmark when Carl Gustaf was nine months old. Upon his father’s death, he became second in line to the throne, after his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf. Following the death of Gustav V in 1950, Gustaf Adolf ascended the throne and thus Carl Gustaf became Sweden’s new crown prince and heir-apparent to the throne at the age of 4.

A short while after he became King in 1973, the new 1974 Instrument of Government took effect, formally stripping him of any formal role in the legislative process, and several other duties normally accorded to a head of state, such as the formal appointment of the prime minister, signing off legislation, and being commander-in-chief of the nation’s military. The new instrument explicitly limits the king to ceremonial functions and, among other things, to be regularly informed of affairs of state. As head of the Royal House of Bernadotte Carl Gustaf has also been able to make a number of government supported decisions about the titles and positions of its members.

The King’s heir apparent, upon passage on 1 January 1980 of a new law establishing absolute primogeniture (the first such law passed in European history), is Crown Princess Victoria, the eldest child of the King and his wife, Queen Silvia.

Carl Gustaf is the 2nd longest-reigning monarch in Swedish history, having overtaken King Gustaf V in 2016 and then reigning for a total of 44 years.

Early life

Carl Gustaf was born on 30 April 1946 at 10:20 in Haga Palace in Solna, Stockholm County. He was the youngest of five children and the only son of Sweden’s Prince Gustaf Adolf and Princess Sibylla. He was christened at the Royal Chapel on 7 June 1946 by the Archbishop of Uppsala, Erling Eidem.

He was baptised in Charles XI’s baptismal font, which stood on Gustav III’s carpet and he lay in Charles XI’s cradle with Oscar II’s crown beside him. The same christening gown in white linen batiste which the prince carried had been worn by his father in 1906 and would later be worn by his three children. His godparents were the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Denmark (his paternal uncle and aunt), the Crown Prince of Norway, Princess Juliana of the Netherlands, the King of Sweden (his patrilineal great-grandfather), the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (his maternal uncle), the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Sweden (his paternal grandfather and step-grandmother), and Count Folke and Countess Maria Bernadotte af Wisborg.

Prince Carl Gustaf was also given the title of the Duke of Jämtland. His father, Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten was killed in an airplane crash on 26 January 1947, at Copenhagen Airport. His father’s death had left the nine-month-old prince second in line for the throne, behind his grandfather, then Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf. When his great-grandfather Gustaf V died in 1950, the four-year-old prince became the heir apparent of Sweden.

Carl Gustaf was seven years old before he was told about his father’s death, and he expressed his feelings about growing up without knowing his father in a speech in 2005.

Youth and education

The 15-year-old Crown Prince of Sweden looks at the recently recovered 17th century warship Vasa in 1961.
The 15-year-old Crown Prince of Sweden looks at the recently recovered 17th century warship Vasa in 1961.

After graduating from high school, Carl Gustaf completed two and a half years of education in the Royal Swedish Army, the Royal Swedish Navy, and the Royal Swedish Air Force. He received his commission as an officer in all three services in 1968, and he eventually rose to the rank of captain (in the army and air force) and lieutenant (in the navy), before he ascended to the throne. He has also completed his academic studies in history, sociology, political science, tax law, and economics at Uppsala University and Stockholm University.

To prepare for his role as the head of state, Crown Prince Carl Gustaf followed a broad program of studies on the court system, social organizations and institutions, trade unions, and employers’ associations. In addition, he closely studied the affairs of the Riksdag, Government, and Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The Crown Prince also spent time at the Swedish Mission to the United Nations and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), worked at a bank in London, at the Swedish Embassy in London, at the Swedish Chamber of Commerce in France, and at the Alfa Laval Company factory in France.

Reign

On 15 September 1973, Carl Gustaf became King of Sweden upon the death of his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf. On September 19, he took the required regal assurance (Swedish: Konungaförsäkran) during an extraordinary meeting of the cabinet. Afterwards, he appeared before the parliament, diplomatic corps, court, etc. in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace where he gave a speech. Both the cabinet meeting and ceremony at the Hall were broadcast live on television. Following the ceremonies, he appeared on the balcony to acknowledge gathered crowds. At the cabinet meeting, the King declared that his name would be Carl XVI Gustaf and that his title would be King of Sweden. He adopted, “For Sweden – With the times” as his personal motto. (För Sverige – i tiden).

The Regal Assurance taken by His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf on 19 September 1973, Administered by Mr. Lennart Geijer, Councillor of State and Minister of Justice:

“We, Carl Gustaf, King of Sweden, make it known: that since it has pleased the Highest God call to Him on High the former Mighty-powerful, Highborn Prince and Lord, Gustaf VI Adolf, King of the Swedes, the Goths and the Wends, and We, according to and by the power of the Act of Succession established and ascertained by the Estates of the Realm on 26 September 1810, succeeding the aforementioned Exalted Lord have ascended to the Royal Swedish Throne.

In so doing We hereby affirm, and that with the greatest emphasis, that We desire to, and shall, govern the Realm according to the literal requirement of the Form of Government, for their compliance ascertained and adopted jointly on 6 June 1809 by the King and the Estates of the Realm, as well as by any other legitimate constitutional law of the Realm, public law and legal ordinance.

We shall also, according to the aforementioned Form of Government and laws, seek by our utmost capability, as a righteous King and gracious father to the Swedish people, and by a legal, fair and mild rule, and so that We might defend that rule with a clear conscience before God on High, further the veritable progress and good of the realm and every resident, all of which being what We of free will and mature deliberation have decided, We thus confirm by the signing of Our name in Our own hand and with this vibrant oath, that we such shall obey and execute.

So truly help me God by my life and soul.”

The King and Queen of Sweden welcomed at the Kremlin by Russian President Vladimir Putin and his wife Lyudmila at the start of the King's State Visit to Russia, 8 October 2001.
The King and Queen of Sweden welcomed at the Kremlin by Russian President Vladimir Putin and his wife Lyudmila at the start of the King’s State Visit to Russia, 8 October 2001.

When Carl XVI Gustaf ascended the throne, plans were already in place to replace the 1809 Instrument of Government which gave the King de jure political authority in government. Though the King was a near-autocrat on paper, the Riksdag’s authority grew steadily into the early 20th century. In 1914, Gustaf V made a speech which resulted in what is known as the Courtyard Crisis wherein he was accused of interfering with politics. With the principle of parliamentary democracy formally established since 1917, the king’s actual direct involvement in government lessened and the powers assigned to him were increasingly done by ministers in his name.

The new 1974 Instrument of Government first took effect in Carl Gustaf’s reign and formally stripped the new king of his remaining powers such as appointing the prime minister and his position as commander-in-chief of the military. He is thus second only to the Emperor of Japan in his lack of even nominal constitutional authority. The head of state’s duties are, according to the new constitution, explicitly only of a representative and ceremonial nature. The 1974 document stripped the king of most of his formal political powers while retaining him as head of state, thus codifying actual practices dating from the definitive establishment of parliamentary government in 1917. Previously, the King formally appointed the Prime Minister, though in practice he was almost always the leader of the majority party or coalition in the Riksdag. Since the adoption of the current Instrument, that prerogative is now exercised by the Speaker of the Riksdag on the behalf of the Riksdag. Additionally, bills passed by the Riksdag do not need his signature to become law.

He is the foremost representative of Sweden and pays State Visits abroad and receives those to Sweden, he opens the annual session of the Riksdag, chairs the Special Council held during a change of Government, holds regular Information Councils with the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, chairs the meetings of the Foreign Affairs Council, and receives Letters of Credence of foreign ambassadors to Sweden and signs those of Sweden to foreign nations. As this type of figurehead, he also voluntarily abstains from voting in Swedish elections.

King Carl Gustaf holds the highest ranks in the three branches of the Swedish Armed Forces; this is due to the fact that he was, as stipulated by the 1809 Instrument of Government in effect at the time of his accession to the throne in 1973, the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces (§ 14) and therefore he was promoted ex officio from his earlier ranks of captain and lieutenant, to general and admiral. Under the provisions of the Instrument of Government of 1974, which became effective on 1 January 1975, Carl XVI Gustaf no longer holds this constitutionally-mandated position of Supreme Commander, but he kept his ranks à la suite since he no longer has any military command authority, except over his military staff at his court.

Worldwide, Carl XVI Gustaf is probably best known as the presenter of the Nobel Prizes each year, the first Nobel laureate who received the prize from his hands was Leo Esaki. He also hands over the Polar Music Prize. The King holds honorary doctoral degrees from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, the Royal Institute of Technology, the Stockholm School of Economics and from the Åbo Akademi University in Finland.

Personal interests

Royal Monogram
Royal Monogram

The King is passionate about the environment, technology, agriculture, trade, and industry. Like many members of the Swedish royal family, the King has a keen interest in automobiles. He owns several Porsche 911s – a car model which is said to be a particular favourite of Carl XVI Gustaf – as well as a vintage Volvo PV444, a Ferrari 456M GT, an authentic AC Cobra and other cars. The first pictures taken of him and his future wife were of them sitting in his Porsche 911. In the summer of 2005 he was involved in a traffic accident in Norrköping. The accident was described as a “fender bender”, with no serious personal injuries claimed. Nevertheless, the incident caused national headlines.

Scouting

The King is the honorary chairman of the World Scout Foundation, and often participates in Scout activities both in Sweden and abroad. He regularly visits World Scout Jamborees, for instance the 1979 Dalajamb World Jamboree International Encampment hosted by Sweden, the 2002 World Jamboree held in Sattahip, Thailand, and the 100th Anniversary of World Scouting 2007 World Jamboree held in Hylands Park, England. He also attended the 1981 National Scout Jamboree in Virginia, United States, and was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, in 1982. He also attended the 22nd World Scout Jamboree. He gave a speech on 6 August 2011 at the closing ceremony with more than 40,000 people watching. The band Europe also performed for him singing “The Final Countdown”. Carl XVI Gustaf made an appearance at the 2013 Boy Scouts of America National Jamboree in West Virginia. Together with King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, King Carl Gustaf has supported the Messengers of Peace programme.

Use of remaining power

A new Swedish double duchy was created for Princess Madeleine (left) in 1982, whereas her husband in 2013 declined to become a Swedish citizen, prince and duke and is called Herr Christopher O'Neill in Sweden
A new Swedish double duchy was created for Princess Madeleine (left) in 1982, whereas her husband in 2013 declined to become a Swedish citizen, prince and duke and is called Herr Christopher O’Neill in Sweden

So empowered as head of his house, and with the support and authorization of the Swedish government, Carl XVI Gustaf since he was enthroned in 1973 has made a number of personal decisions regarding the titles and positions of relatives and family members, including the demotion of a sister, elevation of several commoners to royalty, rebuff of an elderly uncle’s wishes and the creation of new Swedish titles and duchies.

  • 1974 his sister Christina married a non-royal Swedish man and Carl Gustaf followed the example which his grandfather and predecessor had set for two of Christina’s older sisters with like marriages, so Christina was removed from the Royal House, no longer a Royal Highness and was given the courtesy title Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson (a special non-royal, non-noble style first invented in 1953 by King Haakon VII of Norway for his granddaughter Ragnhild).
  • 1976 his own choice, taking advantage of his constitutional prerogative as King when he married a non-royal German woman, saw her created Her Majesty Queen Silvia of Sweden.
  • 1976 his paternal uncle Bertil (later that year) married the non-royal British woman who had lived with Bertil for decades, and (with Bertil’s titles) Carl Gustaf created her a Royal Highness Princess of Sweden and Duchess of Halland.
  • 1977 his daughter Victoria was born and Carl Gustaf created her Duchess of Västergötland (which has had duchesses before).
  • 1979 his son Carl Philip was born and Carl Gustaf created him Duke of Värmland (which has had dukes before).
  • 1982 his daughter Madeleine was born and Carl Gustaf created a new duchy for her as Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland.
  • 1983 his paternal uncle Sigvard, since 1934 no longer Prince of Sweden because of a non-royal marriage to a German woman, supported by legal experts[15] announced his own title as Prince Sigvard Bernadotte, 18 years later clearly citing a granduncle Prince Oscar Bernadotte’s title as his main precedent,[16] but Sigvard died in 2002 with Carl Gustaf never having responded to his uncle’s statement and with the Royal Court of Sweden consistently refusing to honor it.
  • 2003 his paternal grandfather’s first cousin Carl died and Carl Gustaf formally recognized his Belgian title by allowing Prince Carl Bernadotte on the gravestone at the Royal Cemetery which is owned by the king; 2014 he did the same there, allowing Carl’s widow’s name as Princess Kristine Bernadotte when she died.
  • 2010 his daughter Victoria married a non-royal Swede whom Carl Gustaf created a Royal Highness Prince of Sweden and (with her title) Duke of Västergötland.
  • 2012 his granddaughter Estelle was born and created Duchess of Östergötland (which has had duchesses before).
  • 2013 his daughter Madeleine married a non-royal British American who declined Swedish citizenship, and Carl Gustaf gave him the special courtesy title of Herr (with a capital h).
  • 2014 his granddaughter Leonore was born and created Duchess of Gotland (which also previously has been a duchy).
  • 2015 his son Carl Philip married a non-royal Swede whom Carl Gustaf created a Royal Highness Princess of Sweden and (with the son’s title) Duchess of Värmland.
  • 2015 his grandson Nicolas was born and Carl Gustaf created a new duchy for him as Duke of Ångermanland.
  • 2016 his grandson Oscar was born and created Duke of Scania (which has had dukes before).
  • 2016 his grandson Alexander was born (later that year) and created Duke of Södermanland (which has had dukes before).
  • 2017 his grandson Gabriel was born and created Duke of Dalarna (which has had dukes before).

Marriage and family

King Carl XVI Gustaf with Queen Silvia at the royal wedding of their daughter Victoria
King Carl XVI Gustaf with Queen Silvia at the royal wedding of their daughter Victoria

The King married Silvia Sommerlath, whose father was German and whose mother was Brazilian, and who had grown up in both countries. They met at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, where she was an interpreter and host. The wedding was held on 19 June 1976 at Stockholm Cathedral and the ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of Uppsala, Olof Sundby. The wedding was preceded, the evening before, by a Royal Variety Performance, where the Swedish musical group ABBA performed “Dancing Queen” for the very first time, as a tribute to Sweden’s future queen. The King and his family moved to Drottningholm Palace west of Stockholm in 1980. He and the Queen have maintained their business offices at the Royal Palace of Stockholm.

King Carl Gustaf and Queen Silvia have three children and six grandchildren:

  • Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland (born 14 July 1977). On 19 June 2010, she married Daniel Westling, and they are informally styled as the Crown Princess Couple. They have two children:
    • Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (born 23 February 2012)
    • Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne (born 2 March 2016)
  • Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland (born 13 May 1979). On 13 June 2015, he married Sofia Hellqvist and they are informally styled as the Prince Couple. The couple has two children :
    • Prince Alexander, Duke of Södermanland (born 19 April 2016)
    • Prince Gabriel, Duke of Dalarna (born 31 August 2017)
  • Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland (born 10 June 1982). On 8 June 2013, she married Christopher O’Neill, and they are informally styled as the Princess Couple. The couple has two children:
    • Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland (born 20 February 2014)
    • Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland (born 15 June 2015)

Prince Carl Philip was born the heir apparent. However, a constitutional reform, which was already under way at the time of his birth, made his elder sister, Victoria, the heir apparent and Crown Princess of Sweden on 1 January 1980, according to the principles of absolute primogeniture, which Sweden was the first recognised monarchy to adopt. King Carl Gustaf objected after the reform, not to the succession by females but to the fact that his son lost the position and title which he had had since birth.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Title and styles

  • 30 April 1946 – 7 June 1946: His Royal Highness Prince Carl Gustaf of Sweden
  • 7 June 1946 – 29 October 1950: His Royal Highness Prince Carl Gustaf of Sweden, Duke of Jämtland
  • 29 October 1950 – 15 September 1973: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Sweden, Duke of Jämtland
  • 15 September 1973 – present: His Majesty The King of Sweden

King Gustaf VI Adolf was the last who used the style “By the Grace of God King of the Swedes, the Goths/Geats and the Wends” (med Guds Nåde Sveriges, Götes och Wendes Konung; Latin: Dei Gratia Suecorum, Gothorum et Vandalorum Rex). This traditional title had been in use since the establishment of the hereditary monarchy in 1544. Carl XVI Gustaf instead chose the plain and simple title “King of Sweden” (Sveriges Konung), thereby ending a centuries-old tradition.

Regnal name

In the 16th century, Johannes Magnus construed a mythical line of Swedish kings, beginning with Magog, the son of Japheth, in an attempt to substantiate the antiquity of the Swedish throne. Based on that list, King Charles IX (reigned 1604 to 1611) adopted an ordinal unsupported by reliable historical sources. The only two previous monarchs named Charles (Karl in Swedish) have traditionally been numbered by counting backwards from Charles IX, and subsequent monarchs by counting forward from him. Adhering to that tradition, the current King of Sweden proclaimed himself Carl XVI Gustaf even though he is only the tenth Swedish monarch by the first name.

Arms

On his creation as Duke of Jämtland, Carl XVI Gustaf was granted an achievement of arms which featured the arms of Jämtland in base (these arms can be seen on his stallplate as knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant at Frederiksborg Palace). Since his accession to the throne, he has used the greater coat of arms of Sweden although he is still associated with the ducal title of Jämtland.

Coat of arms Kronprins Carl Gustav av Sverige.svg
Arms of Carl Gustaf as Duke of Jämtland from 1950 to his accession
Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg
Arms of Carl XVI Gustaf used since his accession to the throne.

Honours

National honours

  •  Sweden: Sovereign (Grand Master) – Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim
  •  Sweden: Sovereign (Lord and Master) – Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Sword
  •  Sweden: Sovereign (Grand Master) – Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Polar Star
  •  Sweden: Sovereign (Lord and Master) – Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Vasa
  •  Sweden: Sovereign (Lord and Master) – Royal Knight of the Royal Order of Charles XIII
  •  Sweden: Grand Master – Honorary Knight of the Order of Saint John in Sweden
  •  Sweden: Recipient of the 90th Birthday Medal of King Gustav V
  •  Sweden: Recipient of the 85th Birthday Medal of King Gustaf VI Adolf
  •  Sweden: Recipient of the Wedding Medal of Crown Princess Victoria to Daniel Westling

Foreign honours

  •  Argentina: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín
  •  Austria: Grand Cross of the Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Special Class
  •  Belgium: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold I
  •  Brazil: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross
  •  Brunei: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Family Order of the Crown of Brunei
  •  Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of the Balkan Mountains
  •  Chile: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit
  •  Denmark:
    • Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Elephant
    • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog
    • Recipient of the Silver Anniversary Medal of Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik
    • Recipient of the 70th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
    • Recipient of the 75th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
  •  Egypt: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Nile
  •  Estonia:
    • Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
    • Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Star
  •  Finland: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose
  •  France: Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour
  •  Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Special Class
    • Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Ducal Family of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: Knight Grand Cross of the Ducal Royal Saxe-Ernestine Saxe-Coburg and Gotha House Order
  •  Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer
  •  Hungary: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
  •  Iceland: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Falcon
  •  Indonesia: Adipurna Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of the Republic of Indonesia
  • Iran Iranian Imperial Family: Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the 2,500 year Celebration of the Persian Empire
  •  Italy: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
  •  Japan: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
  •  Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali
  •  Latvia: Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of the Three Stars
  •  Lithuania: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Vytautas the Great
  •  Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
  •  Malaysia: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Crown of the Realm
  •  Mexico: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
  •  Netherlands:
    • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
    • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange
    • Knight Commander of the Order of the Golden Ark, 1st Class
  •  Norway:
    • Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of St. Olav
    • Recipient of the King Olav V’s Anniversary Medal 1957-1982
    • Recipient of the King Haakon VII Centennial Medal
    • Recipient of the Silver Jubilee Medal of King Harald V
  •  Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Eagle
  •  Portugal:
    • Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Saint James of the Sword
    • Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Prince Henry
  •  Romania: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Star of Romania
  •  Saudi Arabia: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud
  •  Slovakia: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Double Cross
  •  Slovenia: Member of the Decoration for Exceptional Merits
  •  South Africa: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Good Hope
  •  South Korea: Grand Cross with Collar of the Grand Order of Mugunghwa
  •  Spain:
    • 1,183rd Knight with Collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece
    • Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Charles III
  •  Thailand:
    • Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Rajamitrabhorn
    • Member of the Decoration of Ramkeerati
  •  Turkey: Member of the Decoration of the State of Republic of Turkey, 1st Class
  •  Tunisia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Republic
  •  Ukraine:
    • Member of the Decoration of Liberty
    • Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise
    • Grand Officer of the Order of Merit, 1st Class
  •  United Kingdom:
    • 963rd Knight of the Order of the Garter
    • Recipient of the Royal Victorian Chain
    • Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
  •   Vatican: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Pope Pius IX
  •  Yugoslavia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Yugoslav Star, Great Star

Awards

Foreign

  • World Organization of the Scout Movement: Bronze Wolf Award
  •  Japan: Golden Pheasant Award of the Scout Association of Japan (1980)
  •  Philippines: Mount Makiling Award

Honorary military positions

  • United Kingdom Honorary Admiral, British Royal Navy (seniority: 25 June 1975)

Patronages

  • African Medical and Research Foundation Sweden (AMREF)
  • Allmänna Idrottsklubben (AIK)
  • Barnens Dags Riksförbund
  • Centralföreningen för Idrottens Främjande i Sverige
  • Djurgårdens Hembygdsförening
  • Friends of the Nationalmuseum
  • Friends of the Swedish Museum of Natural History
  • Friluftsfrämjandet
  • Föreningen Svenska Atheninstitutets Vänner
  • Föreningen Konstnärernas Vänner
  • Föreningen för Svenskar i Världen
  • Gastronomiska Akademien
  • Global Child Forum
  • Gripsholmsföreningen
  • Idrottsföreningen Kamraterna (IFK)
  • Kulturen i Lund
  • Royal Automobile Club
  • Kungl. Motorbåt Klubben
  • Royal Swedish Aero Club
  • Royal Swedish Yacht Club
  • Riksföreningen mot Cancer
  • Royal Physiographic Society in Lund
  • Royal Society of Sciences and Letters in Gothenburg
  • Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala
  • Royal Swedish Academy
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Music
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and its annual King Carl XVI Gustaf Professorship in Environmental Science
  • Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences
  • Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences
  • Save the Visby Ringwall Campaign
  • Stiftelsen Det Naturliga Steget
  • Stiftelsen Drottningholmsteaterns Vänner
  • Stiftelsen Håll Sverige Rent
  • Stiftelsen Stockholm Water Foundation
  • Stiftelsen Svenska Flaggan
  • Stiftelsen Svensk Våtmarksfond
  • Stockholms Konserthusstiftelse
  • Stockholms Studentsångarförbund
  • Svea Orden
  • Svenska Arkeologiska Samfundet
  • Svenska Blå Stjärnan
  • Svenska Djurskyddsföreningen
  • Svenska Jägareförbundet
  • Svenska Kennelklubben
  • Svenska Livräddningssällskapet – Simfrämjandet
  • Svenska Motionsdagen (Korpen Svenska Motionsidrottsförbundet)
  • Svenska Rominstitutets Vänner
  • Svenska Turistföreningen
  • The Guides and Scouts of Sweden
  • Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography
  • Sverige-Amerika Stiftelsen
  • Sveriges Allmänna Konstförening
  • Sveriges Hembygdsförbund
  • Sveriges Skogsvårdsförbund
  • Swedish Bible Society
  • Swedish Colonial Society
  • Swedish Lions
  • Swedish Red Cross
  • Swedish Rotary
  • Swedish Sports Confederation
  • Sångsällskapet Orphei Drängar
  • The Natural Step

carl xvi gustaf of sweden net worth

King Carl XVI Gustaf net worth: Carl XVI Gustaf is the current King of Sweden who has a net worth of $70 million. This info taken from celebritynetworth

In the spotlight Carl XVI Gustaf

The Swedish monarchy is certainly used to the eyes of media. Recent years have offered up a series of weddings and births that have put them even more into the spotlight – nationally and internationally.

Perhaps none was as widely followed as the marriage on 19 June 2010 between Crown Princess Victoria and Daniel Westling. As the eldest of three siblings, Victoria is first in line to the Swedish throne, and as such she has become a high­ly popular ambassador for the country.

Heir apparent

Already before Victoria was born, there were discussions about changing the Succession Act and make it gender neutral. The change eventually took place three years after her birth but was made retroactive, which immediately changed Victoria’s title from Princess to Crown Princess.

The celebrations around her marriage to Daniel, previously a gym owner and personal trainer, lasted for three days, and thousands of people assembled to offer their congratulations. International press, meanwhile, spread the news around the globe.

Daniel Westling was given the title H.R.H. Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland. Eighteen months later they had their first child, a baby princess. Second in line to the Swedish throne, Princess Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary was born on 23 February 2012 at Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm. Princess Estelle’s brother, Prince Oscar Carl Olof was born on 2 Mars 2016. He is third in line to the Swedish throne.

Royal nuptials

Almost on the day two years later, on 20 February 2014, Victoria’s younger sister Madeleine gave birth to Princess Leonore Lilian Maria. The father is British–American businessman Christopher O’Neill. Their second child, Prince Nicolas, was born on 15 June 2015.

The couple were married on 8 June 2013 at the Royal Palace in Stockholm, and celebrations were held afterwards at the family home at the Palace of Drottningholm.

To retain her H.R.H. title, Princess Madeleine has not taken the O’Neill surname. Unlike Prince Daniel, O’Neill has not added Bernadotte to his name, preferring instead to retain his UK and US citizenships. He therefore has no royal titles and is not an official member of the Swedish Royal Family.

Prince Carl Philip, the second oldest of the three siblings, is fourth in line of succession to the Swedish throne after Crown Princess Victoria, her daughter Princess Estelle and her son Prince Oscar. On 13 June 2015 he got married to Sofia Hellqvist, now H.R.H. Princess Sofia. She is a former model and reality television contestant. The two have lived together since 2011. On 19 April 2016 Princess Sofia gave birth to their first child, Prince Alexander Erik Hubertus Bertil. The couple expects their second child in September 2017.

Carl XVI Gustaf

It was not a coincidence that Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel chose to get married on 19 June. On that date in 1976, Sweden’s current King Carl XVI Gustaf married Queen Silvia.

King Carl XVI Gustaf is the seventh monarch of the House of Bernadotte. He was born on 30 April 1946 as the fifth child and only son of Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf and Princess Sibylla. Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf died in an air crash in Denmark the following year.

In 1950, Carl Gustaf became Crown Prince of Sweden when his great-grandfather Gustaf V died and was succeeded by the then 68-year-old Gustaf VI Adolf, the Crown Prince’s grandfather.

After serving as monarch for 23 years, Gustaf Adolf passed away in 1973. That same year, at the age of 27, the Crown Prince became King Carl XVI Gustaf. His motto is ‘For Sweden – with the times.’

Queen with a career

In 1972, when still the Crown Prince, Carl Gustaf met his German-Brazilian future wife, Silvia Sommerlath, who was born in 1943 in Germany. They met in Munich during the Olympic Games, where Silvia was chief hostess.

A trained interpreter without either royal or noble origins, Silvia is the first Swedish queen to have had a professional career.

She married King Carl Gustaf in 1976. At the time royal weddings that included non-nobility were highly unusual, and Queen Silvia has since modernised the position of queen so that it is in step with the times. Her relationship with the King is considered very equal, and she has taken strong initiatives to pursue several social issues close to her heart, in particular children’s rights.

The King and Queen have three children: Crown Princess Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée, Duchess of Västergötland, born on 14 July 1977; Prince Carl Philip Edmund, Duke of Värmland, born on 13 May 1979; and Princess Madeleine Thérèse Amelie Josephine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland, born on 10 June 1982.

Three generations of Swedish royalty, with partners.

For Sweden – with the times

Sweden is one of the world’s most stable and egalitarian democracies, with a monarchy that has strong roots and public support.

As head of state, the King is Sweden’s foremost unifying symbol. According to the 1974 constitution, the monarch has no political affinity and no formal powers. The King’s duties are mainly of a ceremonial and representative nature.

King Carl XVI Gustaf has a strong commitment to the global environment and is a recognised authority on environ­mental issues. Among other things, he has received the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Award. He is likewise deeply committed to the preser­vation of Sweden’s cultural heritage and con­siders it important that the public has access to the royal palaces with their collections and parks.

Keeping busy

King Carl XVI Gustaf is an active monarch who keeps up to date on current affairs and the Swedish business sector. In addition to two or three state visits abroad each year, he takes part in inter­national trips organised by the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and the World Scout Foundation. Under the collective label ‘Royal Colloquium’, the King also organises high-level seminars on various themes in collaboration with Swedish scientists.

The Royal Family receives thousands of invitations each year. Once a week, the King holds a planning meeting with the Queen, the Crown Princess and their closest staff members to discuss the invitations and decide which are most important. They make sure that their appearances are spread across Sweden.

When the King is prevented from performing his duties as head of state, for example during a trip abroad, Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Carl Philip or Princess Madeleine, in that order, assume the duties of temporary regent.

Drottningholm Palace in lake Mälaren is the private residence of the Swedish King and Queen.

Crown Princess Victoria – Sweden’s future queen

When she succeeds her father, Crown Princess Victoria will become Sweden’s 70th monarch, the third female monarch in the history of the Kingdom of Sweden, and the first since 1720.

The heir to the throne should be raised so as to represent Sweden in an appropriate and constitutionally correct way. This is in part to maintain the popular support of the Swedish people, a key to be effective.

Crown Princess Victoria’s agenda includes attending official dinners, openings and visits from foreign dignitaries. She also attends the Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs and the information councils with Government ministers, and steps in as a temporary regent when needed.

Victoria has by now made many official trips abroad as a representative of Sweden. Her first major official visit on her own was to Japan in 2001, where she promoted Swedish design, music, gastronomy and environmental sustainability.

She speaks English, French and German and is in great demand as an ambassador for Swedish ventures in culture, art and design – which are also personal interests.

Issues surrounding crisis and conflict management, including international peace-building, are also of particular interest to Victoria.

During her first few months as a mother in 2012, Victoria’s calendar was completely cleared, but she has now more or less returned to her usual schedule.

Thorough education

Victoria began her formal education at local public schools, switching to a private school when she began her secondary school studies. Despite having dyslexia, she graduated in 1996 with good grades thanks to a steadfast commitment and devotion to learning.

The Crown Princess’ studies at universities and other academic institutions constitute an important part of her edu­cation – but as heir to the throne she must also continuously maintain a breadth of knowledge on social issues. Courses in individual subjects have been prioritised over a specific academic degree.

Crown Princess Victoria, visiting the Swedish Province of Värmland.

After graduating from upper secondary school, the Crown Princess studied French for foreign students at the Université Catholique de l’Ouest in Angers, France.

In 1998, she enrolled at Yale University in the US where she studied for five semesters, taking courses in geology, history and international relations. During her time at Yale, her interest in international issues deepened and she took private lessons in current affairs, wrote an essay on the role of the United Nations in Iraq and completed internships at the UN in New York and the Swedish Embassy in Washington, DC.

In the spring of 2002, she continued her international studies at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, Sweden. She has studied the structure and functioning of Swedish society, partly through internships at Swedish government offices and various other institutions. Through a study programme at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), she visited Uganda and Ethiopia. She has also served as an intern at the offices of the Swedish Trade Council in Berlin and Paris, has undergone basic military training and has taken courses at the Swedish National Defence College (Försvarshögskolan) in Stockholm.

From Wikipedia and sweden.se

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