Premier of Montenegro
Coat of Arms of Montenegro
President of Montenegro
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||Duke Božo Petrović-Njegoš|
|Formation||20 March 1879|
The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Premijer Crne Gore) (Premier of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government’s Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime Minister will cause the fall of the Government.
The current Prime Minister, Duško Marković, member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was appointed by President Filip Vujanović on 28 November 2016.
History of the office
The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council. On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a Kingdom. During both Principality and Kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the Prince (later King) Nikola I.
After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist.
After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the Prime Minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint Prime Ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.
Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a Minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a Prime Minister until February 4, 1953, by a President of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a Prime Minister since then.