Leaders

Édouard Philippe

Édouard Philippe

Édouard Philippe (French: [edwaʁ filip]😉 is a French lawyer and politician, serving as the Prime Minister of France since 15 May 2017.

A member of the Union for a Popular Movement, later the Republicans, he has served as a member of the National Assembly representing the 7th constituency of Seine-Maritime since 2012, as well as mayor of Le Havre and president of the agglomeration community of Le Havre since 2010.

On 15 May 2017, President Emmanuel Macron appointed him Prime Minister; Philippe subsequently named his government on 17 May.

Édouard Philippe
Édouard Philippe (cropped).jpg
 
Prime Minister of France
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 May 2017
President Emmanuel Macron
Preceded by Bernard Cazeneuve
Member of the National Assembly
for Seine-Maritime’s 7th constituency
Incumbent
Assumed office
23 March 2012
Preceded by Jean-Yves Besselat
President of the Agglomeration Community of Le Havre
Incumbent
Assumed office
18 December 2010
Preceded by Antoine Rufenacht
Mayor of Le Havre
In office
23 October 2010 – 20 May 2017
Preceded by Antoine Rufenacht
Succeeded by Luc Lemonnier
General Councillor of Seine-Maritime
for Le Havre-5
In office
17 March 2008 – 22 April 2012
Preceded by Jean-Yves Besselat
Succeeded by Anita Gilletta
Regional Councillor
for Upper Normandy
In office
29 March 2004 – 18 March 2008
President Alain Le Vern
Personal details
Born 28 November 1970 
Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
Political party The Republicans (2015–present)
Other political
affiliations
Socialist Party (1990s)
Union for a Popular Movement(2002–2015)
En Marche!
Spouse(s) Edith Chabre
Children 3
Residence Hôtel Matignon
Alma mater Sciences Po
École nationale
d’administration

Early life and education

Édouard Philippe, the son of French teachers, was born in Rouen in 1970 and grew up in a left-wing household. He obtained his baccalauréat in Bonn, and after a year in hypokhâgne, he studied at Sciences Po for three years and graduated in 1992, and later studied at the École nationale d’administration from 1995 to 1997 (the “Marc Bloch cohort”).

In his years at Sciences Po, he supported Michel Rocard and was influenced by him, identifying with the Rocardian and social democratic wings of the Socialist Party. His brief flirtation with the Socialists ended after Rocard was toppled from the leadership of the Socialist Party. After leaving the ENA in 1997, he went on to work at the Council of State,specializing in public procurement law.

Political career

In 2001, Philippe joined Antoine Rufenacht as deputy mayor of Le Havre charged with legal affairs; Rufenacht served as mayor of Le Havre from 1995 to 2010 and campaign director for Jacques Chirac in the 2002 presidential election. Recognizing the ideological proximity between Michel Rocard and Alain Juppé, Philippe supported the latter at the time of the creation of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) in 2002, marking the end of his left-wing activism; the same year, he failed to win his constituency in the legislative elections. He served under Juppé as director general of services of the UMP until 2004, when the mayor of Bordeaux was convicted as a result of the fictitious jobs case implicating the Rally for the Republic (RPR). He then took a job in the private sector, working with the American law firm Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, and was elected to the regional council of Upper Normandy the same year.

In the wake of Nicolas Sarkozy’s victory in the 2007 presidential election, he briefly returned to political life in the short-lived cabinet of Juppé, who served as Minister of Ecology, before being appointed Director of Public Affairs at Areva, where he worked from 2007 to 2010.He has been substitute to deputy Jean-Yves Besselat, elected to Seine-Maritime’s 7th constituency, since 2007. In 2008, he was elected to the general council of Seine-Maritime in the canton of Le Havre-5, and in 2010 was elected mayor of Le Havre after the resignation of Rufenacht his mentor, and also became president of the agglomeration community of Le Havre the same year. After Besselat’s death in 2012 following a long illness, Philippe took his seat, successfully holding it in the subsequent legislative elections. He was re-elected as mayor of Le Havre in the 2014 municipal elections in the first round, with an absolute majority of 52.04% of expressed votes.

2017 presidential election

He worked for the campaign of Alain Juppé in the primary of the right and centre in 2016, serving as a spokesperson alongside Benoist Apparu. Though Philippe and Apparu, as well as Christophe Béchu, later joined the campaign of François Fillon for the 2017 presidential election after his victory in the primary, the three parliamentarians – close to Juppé – quit on 2 March 2017 after the candidate was summoned to appear before judges amidst the Fillon affair. He said he would not seek to retain his seat in the legislative elections in June to avoid breaching the law limiting the accumulation of mandates. Following the victory of Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election, Philippe was speculated to be a potential choice for Prime Minister, representing three essential aspects: political renewal (at the age of only 46 years old), affiliation with the moderate right, and familiarity with the political terrain.

Prime Minister

On 15 May 2017, Philippe was appointed as Prime Minister by Emmanuel Macron.

Personal life

Philippe is married to Edith Chabre, the executive director of the School of Law at Sciences Po, and they have three children.

Published works

Philippe has co-authored two works of fiction:

  • With Gilles Boyer (2007). L’Heure de vérité. Flammarion. ISBN 9782081237728.
  • With Gilles Boyer (2011). Dans l’ombre. Jean-Claude Lattès. ISBN 9782709637558. This political thriller recounts a presidential election mired in tricks and betrayals, culminating with the unmasking of the to-be-appointed Prime Minister’s criminal history in extremis.[14]

In 2015, he prefaced Promenades avec Oscar Niemeyer by Danielle Knapp, published by Petit à Petit.

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