|The Right Honourable
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa
|3rd President of Zimbabwe|
24 November 2017
|Vice President||Phelekezela Mphoko|
|Preceded by||Robert Mugabe|
|President and First Secretary of ZANU–PF|
19 November 2017
|Preceded by||Robert Mugabe|
|First Vice-President of Zimbabwe|
12 December 2014 – 6 November 2017
|Preceded by||Joice Mujuru|
|Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs|
11 September 2013 – 9 October 2017
|Preceded by||Patrick Chinamasa|
|Succeeded by||Happyton Bonyongwe|
|Minister of Defence|
13 February 2009 – 11 September 2013
|Preceded by||Sydney Sekeramayi|
|Succeeded by||Sydney Sekeramayi|
|Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities|
April 2005 – 13 February 2009
|Succeeded by||Fidelis Mhashu|
|Speaker of the House of Assembly|
July 2000 – April 2005
|Preceded by||Cyril Ndebele|
|Succeeded by||John Nkomo|
|Minister of Finance
|Preceded by||Ariston Chambati|
|Succeeded by||Herbert Murerwa|
|Minister of Justice and Legal Affairs|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Chinamasa|
|Minister of State Security|
|Born||Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa
(1942-09-15) 15 September 1942 
Shabani, Southern Rhodesia
|Spouse(s)||Auxillia C. Mnangagwa|
|Alma mater||University of London
University of Zambia
A Video About Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (IPA: [m̩.na.ˈᵑɡa.ɡwa]; born 15 September 1942) is the third and current President of Zimbabwe, who was sworn in on 24 November 2017, after the resignation of Robert Mugabe following the 2017 is here, enjoy it!
Zimbabwean coup d’état, a removal that has been recognized by the African Union as a legitimate expression of the will of the Zimbabwean people and Emmerson Mnangagwa as president.
Ally Of Mugabe: Emmerson Mnangagwa
- Ally Of Mugabe: Emmerson Mnangagwa
- Mnangagwa Serves
- Dismission From His Position
- The Crocodile
- Early life and career
- Role in the Zimbabwe War of Independence
- Tortured and Sentenced To Death
- With Mugabe In Prison
- Cabinet minister
- The Gukurahundi civil conflict
- His Cabinet Cronology
- Mugabe again appointed him
- Vice President of Zimbabwe
- Personal life
A longtime ally of Mugabe and a senior member of the ruling ZANU–PF party, Emmerson Mnangagwaserved as First Vice President of Zimbabwe from 2014 until his dismissal in November 2017.
After The November coup d’état On 21 November 2017, Mugabe resigned, and Mnangagwa was sworn in as president on 24 November.
Mnangagwa was a leader during the Rhodesian Bush War.
After Zimbabwe was recognized in 1980, Mnangagwa held a series of senior cabinet positions under Mugabe, including as minister of state security.
After a demotion to Minister of Rural Housing in 2005, Mnangagwa restored his favour with Mugabe by playing a critical role in Mugabe retaining power by brokering a power sharing pact after the disputed general election in 2008.
Mnangagwa served as Minister of Defence from 2009 to 2013, when he became Minister of Justice. Emmerson Mnangagwa was also appointed Vice President in December 2014 and was widely considered to be a leading candidate to be Mugabe’s successor.
Mnangagwa was opposed by the Generation 40 faction led by President Mugabe’s wife, Grace Mugabe.
Dismission From His Position
After being dismissed from his position by President Mugabe in November 2017 for allegedly plotting against the government, he fled to South Africa.
General Constantino Chiwenga, his ally and chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, launched a coup d’état to end Mugabe’s purges of senior ZANU-PF officials.
Mnangagwa was then considered the likely successor to Mugabe in any political resolution from the coup.
He is nicknamed “Ngwena” which means “the crocodile” in the Shona language, initially because that was the name of the guerrilla group he founded, but later because of his political shrewdness.
The faction in ZANU-PF backing him is nicknamed Lacoste after the France-based apparel company whose logo is a crocodile.
Early life and career
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa was born in Zvishavane, Southern Rhodesia on 15 September 1942 – though some sources give his birth year as 1946.
He is a member of the Karanga ethnic group, the largest subgroup of Zimbabwe’s majority Shona ethnic group.
Emmerson Mnangagwa parents were politically active farmers, and he had to flee to Zambia with his family because of his father’s resistance against white settlers.
In the early 1960s, Mnangagwa first met Robert Mugabe when his future mentor was taken in by his family when teaching in Zambia.
Mnangagwa was expelled from school before he joined the effort to liberate Zimbabwe, then called Rhodesia, from white-minority rule in the Zimbabwean War of Liberation.
Role in the Zimbabwe War of Independence
In 1962, Mnangagwa was recruited from Zambia as a guerilla fighter for Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU) in the Zimbabwean War of Liberation.
While at a military training camp in Iringa in Tanzania, he criticized the decisions of ZAPU’s leader, Joshua Nkomo and sentenced to death. However, two other ethnic Karangans, Leopold Takawira and Simon Muzenda intervened to save his life. Together they decided to join the newly formed Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) in 1963.
Mnangagwa then left Iringa to train in Egypt and China, as part of the first group of ZANU leaders ent for overseas training. While in Beijing, Mnangagwa attended the Beijing School of Ideology, which was run by the Communist Party of China.
Tortured and Sentenced To Death
By 1965, Mnangagwa returned to Zimbabwe, and led the “Crocodile Gang” – the original source of his nickname – which was known its use of knives and for its attacks in the country’s Eastern Highlands targeting farms owned by whites. That year he led his Crocodile Gang in bombing a train near Masvingo, then Fort Elizabeth, but was arrested in the aftermath.
Mnangagwa was tortured by being hung upside down by the Rhodesian Special Branch and beaten, which allegedly cost him his hearing in one ear.
He was sentenced to death, but his lawyers were able to successfully claim that he was not younger than twenty-one, the minimum age for execution. Instead, he was sentenced to ten years in prison.
With Mugabe In Prison
While in prison, Mnangagwa became friends with Mugabe and together, they studied law via correspondence.
After ten years, he was released and deported back to Zambia, where he continued to study law and earned a law degree from the University of Zambia. He also studied at the University of London.
Mnangagwa then completed his articling with a Lusaka-based law firm led by Enoch Dumbutshena, who would later become Zimbabwe’s first black judge.
However, Mnangagwa soon left legal private practice and went to Mozambique to fight in the Mozambican War of Independence against Portuguese colonial rule. While there, he met Robert Mugabe again, and became his assistant and bodyguard.
Mnangagwa accompanied Mugabe at the negotiations that led to the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement which recognized the Republic of Zimbabwe.
At Zimbabwe’s independence in 1980, Mnangagwa became the country’s first security minister and led the Central Intelligence Organisation.
He took over as Chairman of the Joint High Command after General Peter Walls was dismissed and oversaw the integration of the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) and Zimbabwe People’s Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) guerrilla units with the Rhodesian Army.
The Gukurahundi civil conflict
While Mnangagwa was security minister, the Zimbabwean Fifth Brigade massacred thousands of civilians – up to 20,000 during the Gukurahundi civil conflict. They were mainly ethnic Ndebeles, in Matabeleland . Mnangagwa denied that he had any role in this and blamed the army for the deaths. However his intelligence agency worked with the army to suppress Joshua Nkomo’s Zimbabwe African People’s Union.
In 1983, Mnangagwa delivered speeches attacking the opposition, describing those who opposed the government as “cockroaches” whose villages should be burned. In a second speech, he said that: “Blessed are they who follow the path of the government laws, for their days on earth shall be increased. But woe unto those who will choose the path of collaboration with dissidents, for we will certainly shorten their stay on earth.”
The conflict ended in 1987 with the surrender of ZAPU. Despite the Unity Accord which ended the conflict and merged Mugabe’s ZANU and Nkomo’s ZAPU parties to form ZANU–PF, Mnangagwa is still disliked in Matabeleland because of his role in the conflict.
His Cabinet Cronology
From 1988 to 2000, Mnangagwa was Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs and Leader of the House.
He was appointed Acting Minister of Finance from 1995 to 1996 and was also Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs for a short period.
In 1998, Mnangagwa was put in charge of Zimbabwe’s intervention in the Second Congo War, and enriched himself through mineral wealth that he seized from the Congo.
Mnangagwa was defeated in the 2000 parliamentary election by Blessing Chebundo of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in Kwekwe constituency, but Mugabe appointed him to one of the unelected seats in Parliament. Following the election, he was elected as Speaker of the House of Assembly on 18 July 2000.
It was during his time as Speaker of Parliament that the UN investigation into illegal exploitation of natural resources from the Congo recommended a travel ban and financial restrictions upon him for his involvement in making Harare a significant illicit diamond trading centre.
In December 2004, senior ZANU-PF leaders including Mnangagwa and Jonathan Moyo were accused by Mugabe of plotting against him.
Mugabe again appointed him
In the March 2005 parliamentary election, he was again defeated by Chebundo in Kwekwe, and Mugabe again appointed him to an unelected seat. His campaign manager blamed this defeat on the Mujuru faction, saying that it had “manipulated the situation” so that the MDC could win the seat and thereby undermine Mnangagwa. After an alleged fallout with the president he was made Minister of Rural Housing from 2005, which was largely seen as a demotion.
2007 Zimbabwean coup d’état attempt
The Zimbabwean government foiled an alleged coup d’état attempt involving almost 400 soldiers and high-ranking members of the military that would have occurred on 2 or 15 June 2007. The alleged leaders of the coup, all of whom were arrested and charged with treason, were retired army Captain Albert Matapo, spokesman for the Zimbabwe National Army Ben Ncube, Major General Engelbert Rugeje, and Air Vice Marshal Elson Moyo.
According to the government the soldiers planned on forcibly removing President Robert Mugabe from office and asking Emmerson Mnangagwa to form a government with the heads of the armed forces.
The government first heard of the plot when a former army officer who opposed the coup contacted the police in Paris, France, giving them a map and a list of those involved. Mnangagwa and State Security Minister Didymus Mutasa both said they did not know about the plot, Mnangagwa calling it “stupid”.
Some analysts have speculated that rival successors to Mugabe, such as former ZANLA leader Solomon Mujuru, may have been trying to discredit Mnangagwa.
2008 election and return to favour
In the March 2008 parliamentary election, he stood as ZANU-PF’s candidate in the new Chirumanzu-Zibagwe rural constituency and won by an overwhelming margin, receiving 9,645 votes against two MDC candidates. Mudavanhu Masendeke and Thomas Michael Dzingisai they respectively received 1,548 and 894 votes.
Emmerson Mnangagwa was Mugabe’s chief election agent during the 2008 presidential election, and it was reported that he headed Mugabe’s campaign behind the scenes. He played a critical role in Mugabe retaining power by brokering a power sharing pact for Robert Mugabe with Morgan Tsvangirai after the disputed result. When a national unity government was sworn in on 13 February 2009, Mnangagwa became Minister of Defense.Following Mugabe’s victory in the July 2013 presidential election, he moved Mnangagwa to the post of Minister of Justice and Legal Affairs on 10 September 2013.
Indigenisation and black economic empowerment
Mnangagwa has, since the early 1990s, played a key role in implementing the “Indigenization and Black Economic Empowerment” initiative.
As advised by prominent indigenous businessmen including Ben Mucheche, John Mapondera and Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo and the think tank and lobby group IBDC, how to propel the policy from Local policy, Ministerial Policy, Government Policy & Development of a ministry specific to Indigenization & Black Economic Empowerment, such as Indigenization and Economic Empowerment Bill.
Mnangagwa believes that the national resources should be protected by the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.
Vice President of Zimbabwe
On 10 December 2014, Mugabe appointed Mnangagwa as Vice-President of Zimbabwe, appearing to confirm his position as the presumed successor to Mugabe. His appointment followed the dismissal of his long-time rival in the succession battle, Joice Mujuru, who was cast into the political wilderness amidst allegations that she had plotted against Mugabe. Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn in as Vice-President on 12 December 2014, and he was also retained in his post as Minister of Justice. Soon afterward it was reported that Mugabe had begun delegating some presidential duties to Mnangagwa.
In 2015, Emmerson Mnangagwa launched the Command Agriculture program with the backing of the African Development Bank to invest in communities to make them more agriculturally self-sufficient. He also helped negotiate trade deals worth millions of dollars with BRICS members Russia, China, and South Africa. In 2015, Mnangagwa also headed trade delegations to Europe to try and re-open trade ties broken in 2001 with the imposition of sanctions.
Emmerson Mnangagwa was considered as Mugabe’s likely successor owing to the support he has received from Zimbabwe’s security establishment and veterans of the 1970s guerrilla war, partially because of his leadership of the Joint Operations Command
He was ZANU-PF’s Secretary of Administration from July 2000 to 17 December 2004 and became its Secretary for Legal Affairs in December 2004, which was considered a demotion. As Secretary for Administration he had been able to place his supporters in key party positions.
Mnangagwa Campaigned For Vice-President
The move followed reports that Mnangagwa had been campaigning too hard for the post of vice-president. He had backed by his close ally, former Information Minister Jonathan Moyo. Mugabe sacked Moyo from both his party and government posts. His fall into disfavour led the rise of Joice Mujuru, who got the vice-president’s job, and her powerful husband, former army chief Solomon Mujuru.
Prior to his appointment as vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa’s main opponent as potential successor to Robert Mugabe was Joice Mujuru as she had garnered a large amount of support in the politburo, central committee, presidium, and among the provincial party chairs.
Emmerson Mnangagwa’s support came from the senior ranks of the security establishment, as well as parts of ZANU-PF’s parliamentary caucus and younger party members. With Emmerson Mnangagwa appointment as vice president, Mujuru and some of her key supports were dismissed from the government and from the party. Mnangagwa has a strong image in Zimbabwe as a cultivator of stability, and also has support from the Southern African Development Community.
Since 2016, Mnangagwa’s political ambitions have crossed paths with Grace Mugabe’s. The first lady is suspected of leading the G40 faction (Generation 40), while the other faction, Lacoste, is assumed to be led by Emmerson Mnangagwa.
Zimbabwean News Website iHarare.com reported that there was an attempted poisoning of the Vice President on 12 August 2017 at a ZANU-PF Youth Interface rally in Gwanda, Matebeleland South. The news website further reported that he started vomiting uncontrollably and had to be airlifted to hospital by military helicopter. On 19 August 2017 Emmerson Mnangagwa was reported to have recovered.
Removal from power of Mnangagwa
Emmerson Mnangagwa was removed from his post as Vice President on 6 November 2017 by Mugabe after allegedly plotting against the government and displaying “traits of disloyalty, disrespect, deceitfulness and unreliability”, according to Information Minister Simon Khaya Moyo. His removal made it more likely that President Robert Mugabe’s wife Grace would follow in her husband’s footsteps as leader of Zimbabwe. She had earlier called on her husband to remove the Vice-President.
Emmerson Mnangagwa subsequently fled to South Africa citing “incessant threats” against him and his family.
Resignation of Mugabe
On 19 November 2017, Mnangagwa became the leader of ZANU-PF and was reported as likely to soon become President of Zimbabwe after the military and public action against Mugabe. Robert Mugabe was given a deadline of resignation by noon of November 20 before the impeachment process would begin.
However, he still refused to step down, despite his political controversy. Before impeachment could begin the next day, Mugabe resigned from office. In accordance with the Zimbabwean constitution, the vice president, Phelekezela Mphoko, became acting president, pending nomination of a new candidate by the ruling party. The ZANU-PF chief whip duly nominated Emmerson Mnangagwa, telling news organisations that he would take over as president within 48 hours.
Emmerson Mnangagwa returned to Zimbabwe on 22 November 2017, following a temporary stay in South Africa. Zimbabwean State Broadcaster, ZBC, confirmed that Mnangagwa would be sworn in as President of Zimbabwe on 24 November 2017.
On 24 November 2017, Mnangagwa was sworn in as Zimbabwe’s new President. During his first speech, he vowed to serve all citizens as he paid tribute to Robert Mugabe. Nevertheless, Mugabe did not attend the Inauguration and Mnangagwa also distanced himself his predecessor by promising to “re-engage with the world.”
British Minister to Africa Rory Stewart, who attended Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Inauguration, also expressed optimism.
Mnangagwa has nine children with two wives. His first wife was the sister of Josiah Tongogara, a fellow ZANLA commander. His second wife, Auxilia Mnangagwa, was born in rural Zimbabwe, and was engaged in ZANU-PF politics since 1982. However, she only became a public figure in 2014 after she was elected in the constituency seat that her husband vacated to become vice president that year.
Emmerson Mnangagwa’s eldest child, Farai Mlotshwa, is a property developer and married the lawyer Mnangagwa’s political rival Phelekezela Mphoko, a backer of the pro-Grace Mugabe Generation 40 faction. His youngest son is a DJ in Harare known as St Emmo. He is considered to be one of the richest men in Zimbabwe. Mnangagwa is also a fan of Chelsea F.C., because Ivorian footballer Didier Drogba played there.
Emmerson Mnangagwa net worth $5.4 Billion but this information is not verified. He is richest politician in Zimbabwe.
- Minister of State Security (1980–1988)
- Minister of Justice and Legal Affairs (1989–2000)
- Acting Minister of Finance (1995–1996)
- Speaker of the House of Assembly (2000–2005)
- Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities (2005–2009)
- Minister of Defence (2009–2013)
- Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs (2013–2017)
- First Vice President of Zimbabwe (2014–2017)
- President of Zimbabwe (2017–)
Will Emmerson Mnangagwa be better than Robert Mugabe?
HAVING promised at his inauguration on November 24th to “hit the ground running”, Emmerson Mnangagwa has no time to lose. Somehow, he must persuade Zimbabweans that he can improve their lives after 37 years of despotism and decline under Robert Mugabe. Already people have been chuffed by one striking change: the police are almost nowhere to be seen on the streets of Harare, the capital, whereas previously they were ubiquitous, shaking down drivers for minor or fictitious traffic offences. That is no small matter. It used to cost $10-20 to make a cop go away, when a blue-collar urban wage is perhaps $250 a month.
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