|5th President of Madagascar|
25 January 2014
|Prime Minister||Omer Beriziky
|Preceded by||Andry Rajoelina
(as President of the High Transitional Authority)
|Born||(1958-11-06) 6 November 1958
|Political party||Hery Vaovao ho an’i Madagasikara|
|Alma mater||University of Antananarivo
University of Quebec, Trois-Rivieres
|Website||Official Facebook Page|
Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimanana (Malagasy: [heˈri radzawˌnariˈmampʲanː]) is a Malagasy politician who has been President of Madagascar since January 2014. Previously he served as Minister of Finance under President Andry Rajoelina, and he was the Rajoelina political movement’s candidate in the 2013 presidential election. He won the vote in a second round, defeating Jean-Louis Robinson, the candidate of Marc Ravalomanana’s party. Once he was elected, Rajaonarimampianina holds the world record of the Head of State with the longest name (44 characters) as well as family name (19 characters).
Hery Rajaonarimampianina was born to a modest family. He lived in Sabotsy Namehana, neighborhood of Antananarivo, Madagascar. In 1982, Rajaonarimampianina obtained a MBA at the “Etablissement d’Enseignement Supérieur de Droit, d’Economie, de Gestion et de Sciences Sociales (EESDEGS) – Université d’Ankatso Antananarivo. Then, he moved to Canada to complete his training in finance and accounting at Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, receiving a postgraduate diploma (DEA) in accounting science in 1986. Rajaonarimampianina obtained the Canadian Diploma of Accounting from the Certified General Accountant’s Association (C.G.A) in 1991.
In 1991, Rajaonarimampianina went back to Madagascar and worked as an accountant. He also became the studies director of the National Institute for Business Administration and Accounting Science (INSCAE) in Antananarivo (Madagascar) and teacher assistant at the Antananarivo University (Madagascar) and at the Institut of Business Administration (IAE) of the Metz University (France).
In 1995, Rajaonarimampianina created the accountant firm Auditeurs Associes – C.G.A, in Antananarivo. With 50 associates, the firm operates throughout Madagascar for private commercial companies both domestic and international. It also assists entities in their projects supported by international fundraisers.
In 2003 he was elected President of the “Ordre des Experts Comptables et Commissaires aux Comptes de Madagascar” (Professional Order of Chartered Accountants and Statutory Auditors of Madagascar) and appointed Vice-Président of the “Conseil Supérieur de la Comptabilité” (Superior Accounting Council) and counsel of the “Comité pour la Sauvegarde de l’Intégrité” (Committee for the Safeguarding of the Integrity).
In 2009, Rajaonarimampianina became Minister of Finance and Budget, at a time marked by the withdrawal of the main international funders of Madagascar since 2008.
2013 Presidential Election
Rajaonarimampianina set up the political organisation “Hery Vaovao hoan’i Madagasikara” in 2013 (“New Forces for Madagascar”) and ran for Presidency with 32 other competitors. His major opponents were Edgard Marie Noé Razafindravahy from the ruling political party Tanora Gasy Vonona (TGV), the proxy of the former président Marc Ravalomanana, Jean-Louis Robinson from Antoko ny Vahoaka Aloha No Andrianina (AVANA) party and two former Prime Ministers of the High Transitional Authority Albert Camille Vital and Roindefo Zafitsimivalo Monja.
After the first round Rajaonarimampianina received 15.62%, second to Robinson. The sum of all opponents of former President Ravalomanana’s party received 55% of the vote.
Before the second round, he gathered his party members and supporters in many rallies, including Roland Ratsiraka, nephew of former President Didier Ratsiraka and Pierrot Rajaonarivelo. He also gained support from Andry Rajoelina, the sitting President of the High Transitional Authority, after it was determined that Rajoelina was ineligible to run because he had not submitted his candidacy documents in time.
In the second round, Hery Rajaonarimampianina quickly led the first preliminary results of the election established by the Independent National Electoral Commission of the Transition (CENIT) in elections that international observers deemed “free, transparent, reliable and credible”.
On 26 May 2015, the Parliament of Madagascar voted to remove the president from office, due to “alleged constitutional violations and general incompetence”. The constitutional court disallowed the motion under the grounds the accusations were unfounded and thus inadmissible.