|Previous President of Myanmar|
30 March 2016
|State Counsellor||Aung San Suu Kyi|
|Vice President||Myint Swe|
|Preceded by||Thein Sein|
|Born||(1946-07-20) 20 July 1946
(now Yangon, Myanmar)
|Political party||National League for Democracy|
|Spouse(s)||Su Su Lwin (m. 1973)|
|Relatives||Min Thu Wun (Father)|
|Alma mater||Yangon Institute of Economics
University of London
Arthur D. Little School of Management
Htin Kyaw (Burmese: ထင်ကျော်, pronounced [tʰɪ̀ɴ tɕɔ̀] or [tʰɪ̀ɴ dʑɔ̀]; born 20 July 1946) is a Burmese politician and scholar who has been President of Myanmar since 2016. He is the first elected president to hold the office with no ties to the military since the 1962 coup d’état. The second son of scholar Min Thu Wun, Htin Kyaw had held various positions in the education, planning and treasury ministries in prior governments.
The ethnic Mon-Bamar politician is viewed as an important ally of the National League for Democracy leader and State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, who is constitutionally barred from the presidency. He was inaugurated as president on 30 March 2016, taking office from his predecessor Thein Sein.
Early life and education
Htin Kyaw was born in Rangoon, British Burma (now Myanmar), to the late Burmese scholar and poet Min Thu Wun and Kyi Kyi.
Htin Kyaw graduated high school from English Methodist High School in 1962. He enrolled at the Rangoon Institute of Economics (then part of Rangoon Arts and Science University) and graduated with an M.Econ. in statistics in 1968. He started working as a teacher while studying towards his master’s degree. He then moved to the University Computer Centre as a programmer/system analyst in 1970.
Htin Kyaw pursued further studies on a scholarship to the Institute of Computer Science, University of London in 1971–1972 and attended computer studies in Asia Electronics Union, Tokyo in 1974. He completed his second master’s degree in 1975. He attended a course at the Arthur D. Little School of Management in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1987.
In 1975, Htin Kyaw joined to the Ministry of Industry 2 as a Deputy Division Chief. In 1980, he was appointed as a Deputy Director in the Foreign Economic Relations Department, Ministry of Planning and Finance, and resigned from government service in 1992.
He was arrested on 22 September 2000, and spent four months in Insein prison for assisting Aung San Suu Kyi’s trip outside Yangon. From 2012, he worked as a senior executive for Daw Khin Kyi Foundation, founded by Aung San Suu Kyi and named after her mother Khin Kyi. Though not a veteran member of the NLD, Kyaw worked very closely with Aung San Suu Kyi at the Office of NLD Chairperson.
He was mentioned as a possible presidential pick after the NLD won a sweeping victory in the 2015 general election. Aung San Suu Kyi was constitutionally barred from the presidency, since her late husband and both of her children are British citizens; the constitution does not allow a president, his parents, his spouse, or his children to “owe allegiance to a foreign power.” Upon his nomination, Aung San Suu Kyi said she had chosen him for his truthfulness, loyalty and respectable education.
On 10 March 2016, he was nominated as one of the Vice Presidents of Myanmar by the NLD for the House of Representatives (Lower House). On 11 March 2016, 274 MPs out of 317 (during Elected MPs assembly) voted him as one of the Vice Presidents. On 15 March 2016, 360 MPs out of 652 of the Assembly of the Union (Union Parliament) voted him as the President, ahead of Myint Swe and his party colleague Henry Van Thio.
On 17 March 2016, Htin Kyaw proposed a cabinet of 21 ministries. On 21 March 2016, he delivered a speech in the Assembly of the Union for the first time regarding the proposal of the formation of ministries and the MPs of the Union Parliament approved it.
On 30 March 2016, Htin Kyaw was sworn in as President of Myanmar, becoming the first president since U Nu’s overthrow in 1962 to have no ties to the military. Despite Htin Kyaw being a nominally independent leader, Aung San Suu Kyi has said that she will in fact direct the actions of the president and lead the country through him. It was thought before the elections that Aung San Suu Kyi would “be above the president” and make all key decisions. Indeed, the post of State Counsellor–equivalent to a Prime Minister–was created for her.
Htin Kyaw has been married to Su Su Lwin since 1973; she is the incumbent House of Representatives MP for Thongwa Township and a Member of the International Relations Committee of the House of Representatives. The couple have no children.
His father was the famous writer, poet and scholar Min Thu Wun, who won a seat in the 1990 election. His father-in-law, U Lwin, was a co-founder of the National League for Democracy.
Htin Kyaw writes under the pen name Dala Ban, a prominent title of ancient Mon commanders. He wrote a biographical book about his father Min Thu Wun: The Father’s Life: Glimpses of my Father (Aba Bawa Aba Akyaung Tase Tasaung).
Htin Kyaw Had Resigned From Post in 21.03.2018.