Khadga Prasad Oli

Khadga Prasad Oli  

Khadga Prasad Oli
खड्ग प्रसाद ओली
 
 
38th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
12 October 2015 – 4 August 2016
President Ram Baran Yadav
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Preceded by Sushil Koirala
Succeeded by Puspa Kamal Dahal
Leader of Opposition
Incumbent
Assumed office
4 August 2016
Preceded by Sher Bahadur Deuba
Leader of the Communist Party-Unified Marxist/Leninist
Incumbent
Assumed office
July 2014
Preceded by Jhala Nath Khanal
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
2006–2007
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
1994–1995
 
Personal details
Born (1952-02-22) 22 February 1952 (age 65)
Terathum, Nepal
Political party Communist Party-Unified Marxist/Leninist
Spouse(s) Radhika Shakya

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (Nepali: खड्ग प्रसाद शर्मा ओली; ), more commonly known as K. P. Sharma Oli, is a Nepalese politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of Nepal from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016. A member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), he was the second Prime Minister under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal.

Personal life

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli in Madhesi Nepalese Convention in Madhesh district of Saptari in Southern Nepal
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli in Madhesi Nepalese Convention in Madhesh district of Saptari in Southern Nepal

KP Sharma Oli was born on 22 February 1952 in a Brahmin family at Terathum, Eastern Nepal. He was the eldest child of Mohan Prasad and Madhumaya Oli. Oli was raised by his grandmother, Rammaya, after his mother, Madhumaya, died of smallpox when Oli was four.  He did his primary school education in Terathum and later his family migrated to the southern district of Jhapa. He resided mostly in Jhapa during his early political life. Oli started his studies at Himalaya Higher Secondary School in Damak municipality of Jhapa district at the age of 12. He left school in grade nine. He did IA from the jail and appeared BA exam of first year only.

Oli met his wife, Rachana Shakya, a fellow communist, after coming out of prison. They first met in the course of party activities and married later.

Political career

Marxist insurgency years 1966 – 1991

Oli began his political career in 1966 in opposition to the party-less Panchayat System in place at the time. He joined the Communist Party of Nepal in February 1970. He became involved in subversive politics and was arrested for the first time in 1970. A year later he became a district committee member of the party and soon the chief of the Jhapa Movement Organizing Committee in 1972. Khadga Prasad Oli was imprisoned for 14 consecutive years from 1973 to 1987. After his release from prison in 1987, he became a central committee member of UML in-charge of the Lumbini Zone until 1990.

Multi-party democracy 1991 – present

After the 1990 People’s Movement, he held the post of chief of the foreign department of the CPN (UML) in 1992. Oli also became the Founder President of the National Democratic Youth Federation of Nepal (DNYF).

He was elected as a member of parliament in the House of Representatives from Jhapa district’s electorate no. 6 in 1991. Soon he became the chief of the department of publicity. In the ever-changing political situation of Nepal, Khadga Prasad Oli served as Minister of Home Affairs in 1994–1995. He was re-elected to the House of Representatives from Jhapa electorate no. 2 in 1999.

Oli was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister as part of the interim government in 2006. He was also assigned to look into the death of fellow politician Madan Bhandari. From April 2006 to 2007, Oli was Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Oli stood as a candidate in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election but failed to win a seat. Five years later, he won the Jhapa–7 seat in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election as a CPN-UML candidate. Khadga Prasad Oli was designated as the Chief of the International Department of the CPN-UML Parliamentary Party.

Oli was elected as leader of the CPN-UML Parliamentary Party in the Second Constituent Assembly on 4 February 2014, defeating party chairman Jhala Nath Khanal by a vote of 98 to 75. Khadga Prasad Oli was subsequently elected as the chairman of CPN-UML in July 2014.

He was elected as Prime Minister in a parliamentary vote on 11 October 2015, receiving 338 votes out of 597. Oli’s PM candidacy was supported by the UCPN-Maoists, Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal, and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic along with 13 other small parties. Khadga Prasad Oli was sworn in on 12 October.

Following the withdrawal of support from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre) on 13 July 2016 from the existing coalition government and subsequent registration of a no-confidence motion by the party on 14 July 2016, CPN-UML and acting Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli  seemingly shrank to a minority which pressured him to resign. But CPN-UML’s decision to discuss filed no confidence motion led to a three-day parliament meeting of the concerned parties. During the process, two other major parties, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic, also removed their support from the coalition. On the third day, 24 July 2016, after his answering to the issues held by the opposition parties, KP Oli announced his resignation as Prime Minister. With the sound electoral returns from the parliamentary elections in 2017 for the left alliance, Khadga Prasad Oli is expected to head the new government.

Chinese President Xi Jinping, right, shakes hands with Nepal Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, left, inside the Great Hall of the People Monday, March 21, 2016 in Beijing, China. (Lintao Zhang/Pool Photo via AP)
Chinese President Xi Jinping, right, shakes hands with Nepal Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, left, inside the Great Hall of the People Monday, March 21, 2016 in Beijing, China. (Lintao Zhang/Pool Photo via AP)

Electoral history

He was elected to the Pratinidhi Sabha from Jhapa in 1991, 1994 and 1999 on a CPN-UML ticket. Khadga Prasad Oli contested and won from two constituencies in the 1999 election and gave up his Jhapa-6 seat. He lost the 2008 Constituent assembly election. Only the top two candidates are shown below.

1991 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML Khadga Prasad Oli  Elected

1994 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K.P. Sharma Oli 18,861 Elected
Nepali Congress Keshav Kumar Budhathoki 14,202 Lost

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-2

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML Khadga Prasad Oli 18,909 Elected
Nepali Congress Giriraj Kumari Prasai 18,892 Lost

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

Khadga Prasad Oli
Khadga Prasad Oli
Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K P Oli 23,749 Elected
Nepali Congress Kasi Lal Tajpuriya 19,713 Lost

2008 Constituent Assembly Election Jhapa-7

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K.P. Sharma Oli 14,959 Lost
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Bishwodip Lingden Limbu 16,099 Elected

2013 CA Election Jhapa-7

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K.P. Sharma Oli 19,287 Elected
Nepali Congress Suresh Kumar Youngaya 11,041 Lost

2015 Parliamentary Prime Minister Election

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K.P. Sharma Oli 338 Elected
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 249 Lost

2017 House of Representatives Election Jhapa-5 

Party Candidate Votes Status
CPN-UML K.P. Sharma Oli 57,139 Elected
Nepali Congress Khagendra Adhikari 28,297 Lost

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