Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
|Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
|20th President of Portugal|
9 March 2016
|Prime Minister||António Costa|
|Preceded by||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|President of the Social Democratic Party|
29 March 1996 – 1 May 1999
Carlos Horta e Costa
Artur Torres Pereira
|Preceded by||Fernando Nogueira|
|Succeeded by||José Manuel Barroso|
|Minister of Parliamentary Affairs|
12 June 1982 – 9 June 1983
|Prime Minister||Francisco Pinto Balsemão|
|Preceded by||Fernando Amaral|
|Succeeded by||António de Almeida Santos|
|Secretary of State for the Prime Minister|
4 September 1981 – 13 June 1982
|Prime Minister||Francisco Pinto Balsemão|
|Preceded by||José Luís da Cruz Vilaça|
|Succeeded by||Leonor Beleza|
|Born||Marcelo Nuno Duarte Rebelo de Sousa
(1948-12-12) 12 December 1948
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Ana Cristina Motta Veiga
(m. 1972; sep. 1980)
|Domestic partner||Rita Amaral Cabral (1980–present)|
|Relatives||Baltasar Rebelo de Sousa (Father)|
|Alma mater||University of Lisbon|
PRESIDENT OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC
Marcelo Nuno Duarte Rebelo de Sousa was born on 12 December 1948.
He is Catholic and has been a member of several Church movements.
He has a Degree in Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon, with a final mark of 19/20.
He completed a PhD in Legal and Political Sciences in 1985, with Distinction and Commendation awarded by unanimous decision.
He became a tenured Professor in 1992, appointed by unanimous decision.
After beginning his teaching career in the area of Legal and Political Sciences, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa was in charge of the main disciplines of the Legal and Political Science Group.
He has chaired the scientific and pedagogical boards and the Institute of Legal and Political Sciences of the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon.
He has been an ex officio member of several bodies, such as the University Senate, and a member of the panel of judges for the University of Lisbon Award.
Representing the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon, he was head of the delegation which concluded the first agreement with the Faculty of Law of Bissau, and he has lectured at Agostinho Neto and Eduardo Mondlane Universities and the University of Eastern Asia.
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has been a Professor at the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences and the Faculty of Law of the Portuguese Catholic University.
He has been a member of the steering committee and the scientific board of the Faculty of Law of the University of Oporto, which has awarded him an Honoris Causa Doctorate.
He has been Secretary of State for the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, and a member of the Council of State (2000-2001 and 2006-2016).
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has been President of the Municipal Assembly of Cascais, local councillor and leader of the opposition in the Town Hall of Lisbon and President of the Municipal Assembly of Celorico de Basto.
He was one of the founders of the People’s Democratic Party, later the Social Democratic Party, and was party leader from 1996 to 1999.
He has been Vice-President of the European People’s Party, of which the Social Democratic Party is a member.
He was involved in founding the Expresso and Semanário newspapers, where he held management roles. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has been a regular political commentator since the 1960s, first in the press and later on radio and television.
He was a member of the committee that drew up the first Press Law.
He has chaired or been a member of the managing bodies of several associations, social solidarity institutions and the Santa Casa da Misericórdia of São Bento de Arnóia. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has been a member of the Managing Council and Chairman of the Board of the Casa de Bragança Foundation and curator at the National Museum of Ancient Art and the Vieira da Silva-Arpad Szenes and António Quadros Foundations.
He is a patron of the Celorico de Basto public library.
He received the Commendation of the Order of Saint James of the Sword from former President of the Republic Mário Soares and the Grand Cross of the Order of Henry the Navigator from former President of the Republic Jorge Sampaio.( The parat of the article above is taken from official website)
Born in Lisbon, he is the eldest son of Baltasar Rebelo de Sousa and wife Maria das Neves Fernandes Duarte. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is named after his godfather, Marcelo Caetano, the last Prime Minister of the dictatorial Estado Novo regime.
Early life and education
Rebelo de Sousa is a university graduate, Doctorate, Professor and Publicist specialized in Constitutional law and Administrative Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon, where he taught Law.
Rebelo de Sousa started his career during the Estado Novo as a lawyer, and later as a journalist. He joined the Popular Democratic Party, becoming a Deputy to the Assembly of the Republic. During that time, he helped draft Portugal’s constitution in 1976. Later he rose to Adjoint Minister of Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemão. Together with him he was a Co-Founder, Director and Administrator of the Expresso newspaper, owned by Pinto Balsemão. He was also the Founder of Sedes and the Founder and President of the Administration Council of another newspaper, Semanário. He started as a political analyst and pundit on TSF radio with his Exams, in which he gave marks (0 to 20) to the main political players.
In 1989 he ran for Mayor of the Municipal Chamber of Lisbon (Mayor of Lisbon) but lost to Jorge Sampaio, though Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa did win a seat as City Councilor (Vereador). In that campaign he took a plunge into the waters of the Tagus River to prove they were not polluted despite claims to the contrary.
Leader of the PSD, 1996–1999
Rebelo de Sousa was leader of the Social Democratic Party from 31 March 1996 to 27 May 1999 (some weeks before his election as party leader, he declared he wouldn’t be a leadership candidate, “not even if Christ came down to Earth”). He created a center-right coalition, the Democratic Alliance, with the People’s Party in 1998. He became, however, the Vice-President of the European People’s Party–European Democrats. The coalition didn’t please large parts of its own party, due to the role the People’s Party leader, Paulo Portas, had in undermining Cavaco Silva’s government while director of the weekly O Independente.
Rebelo de Sousa resigned after Portas, in a TV interview, described a private talk they had had concerning this matter. Portas claimed Marcelo, as an anonymous source for O Independente, described in great detail a dinner where he wasn’t present, down to the menu (which included vichyssoise); when later Paulo Portas, in revenge, went back on the decision of the coalition established between both their parties—the decision which was made before that dinner—the term vichyssoise – a cold soup – became a reference to that “revenge served cold”. For these and other inconsistencies, he was called by Manuel Maria Carrilho political gelatin. A speech, in which Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa condemned the Portuguese habit of expecting a Messiah and a Dom Sebastião, was not well taken. The failure of the coalition led to his public and televised demission.
In other local elections, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa also became the President of the Municipal Assembly of Cascais and the President of the Municipal Assembly of Celorico de Basto.
He had a weekly program of political analysis every Sunday on public TV station RTP after previously having a similar program on the private TV station TVI, where he was introduced as being “the wisest and most perspicacious political analyst of current times”. His comments covered everything from politics to sports, including his famous presentations and comments on the newest published books, and they were sometimes controversial, some of the comments being seen as personal and political attacks.
In his analysis, still in TVI, he often attacked Pedro Santana Lopes, accusing him of being “truculent, a cudgeller and resentful”, and not “having the profile to be a President of the Republic”. This animosity remained until after Santana Lopes became Prime Minister, with a particular commentary on his performance finishing with the statement that he was “worse than the worst Guterres” and that he was “making Guterres look better and pushing them to Belém”, leading to a response from Santana Lopes’ Government Speaker Rui Gomes da Silva, who accused him of an “involuntary cabal”. The president of the network, Miguel Pais do Amaral, asked in a private dinner that Marcelo be more moderate in his attacks, something that Marcelo took as a form of censorship, leading to his exit from the program and the channel. It was after that episode that he was hired by RTP.
Partially in consequence of these events, President Jorge Sampaio dissolved the Assembly of the Republic, a move that also meant dismissing the Government at a time when it had a stable coalition majority, and calling for anticipated elections, which led to the defeat of Santana Lopes and the election of the Socialists under José Sócrates.
In 2010, he left RTP and returned to TVI to do the same program that he had before. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is also a Member of the Portuguese Council of State, designated by the President of Portugal.
He was a leading figure on the pro-life side of the 2007 abortion referendum. He even founded a website titled “Assim Não” (Not like this), which was divulged with a famous introductory video. It become so well-known that it was parodied in Saturday Night Live-fashion by famous humour group Gato Fedorento.
President of Portugal, 2016–present
On 24 January 2016, Rebelo de Sousa was elected as President of Portugal in the first round of voting. He stood as an “independent”, appealing for moderation and cross-party consensus. During his election campaign, he promised to repair political divisions and the hardship of Portugal’s 2011-14 bailout. Unlike his predecessor, Anibal Cavaco Silva, he had never previously held a top state position.
- Grand Master of the Honorific Orders of Portugal (2016 – present).
- Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (9 June 2005).
- Commander of the Order of Saint James of the Sword (9 June 1994).
- Collar of the Order of Pius IX of the Vatican City State (Vatican, 7 July 2016).
- Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic (France, 26 August 2016).
- Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic of the Kingdom of Spain (Spain, 25 November 2016).
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Republic of Serbia (Serbia, 25 January 2017).
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg, 23 May 2017).
On 27 July 1972, in the parish of São Bento do Mato in Évora, Rebelo de Sousa married Ana Cristina da Gama Caeiro da Mota Veiga, born in the parish of Santos-o-Velho in Lisbon, on 4 June 1950, daughter of António da Mota Veiga and Maria Emília da Gama Caeiro and current widow without issue of Jorge Manuel Vassalo Sors Lagrifa (7 May 1948 – 2 February 2005), maternal grandson of Manuel António Vassalo e Silva, with whom he had two children:
- Nuno da Mota Veiga Rebelo de Sousa (b. São Sebastião da Pedreira, Lisbon, 8 August 1973)
- Sofia da Mota Veiga Rebelo de Sousa (b. São Sebastião da Pedreira, Lisbon, 27 September 1976)
He separated later in 1980, but has never divorced due to his religious belief. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa has started dating his former pupil, in the 1980s, who was at the time his fellow lecturer at the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon. They are still dating, but living separately.
He claims to sleep only 4 to 5 hours daily. He also claims to read 2 books a day, and is an avid surfer at the Guincho Beach in Cascais. He has stated to be a fan of classical music, especially of Giuseppe Verdi.
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, as President of Portugal, has visited the Vatican, Spain, Mozambique and Morocco. The first visit was to the Vatican City to meet the Pope Francis and the Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, a symbolic visit to the first state to recognize Portugal as an independent country.
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