Leaders

Martín Vizcarra

Martín Vizcarra

 
Martín Vizcarra
OSP
 
 
67th President of Peru
Incumbent
Assumed office
23 March 2018
Prime Minister Mercedes Aráoz
Vice President Mercedes Aráoz
Preceded by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
First Vice President of Peru
In office
28 July 2016 – 23 March 2018
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Preceded by Marisol Espinoza
Succeeded by Vacant
Peruvian Ambassador to Canada
In office
18 October 2017 – 23 March 2018
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Preceded by Marcela López Bravo
Succeeded by Carlos Gil de Montes Molinari
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
28 July 2016 – 22 May 2017
Prime Minister Fernando Zavala
Preceded by José Gallardo Ku
Succeeded by Bruno Giuffra
Governor of the Moquegua Region
In office
1 January 2011 – 31 December 2014
Preceded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva
Succeeded by Jaime Rodríguez Villanueva
 
Personal details
Born Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo
(1963-03-22) 22 March 1963 (age 55)
Lima, Peru
Political party Independent
Other political
affiliations
Peruvians for Change
Spouse(s) Maribel Díaz Cabello
Children 4
Alma mater National University of Engineering

Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo OSP (American Spanish: [marˈtin alˈβerto βisˈkařa korˈnexo][a]; ) is a Peruvian engineer and politician who is the 67th and current President of Peru. Vizcarra previously served as governor of the Moquegua department, the Minister of Transport and Communications of Peru and Peruvian ambassador to Canada.

In the 2016 general election, Martín Vizcarra ran with the Peruanos Por el Kambio party as candidate for first vice president and as running mate of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.

Vizcarra was sworn into office as President on March 23, 2018 following the resignation of President Kuczynski.

Early life

Vizcarra was born in Lima, the son of César Vizcarra Vargas, who was an APRA member, and Doris Cornejo, a teacher of primary education. His father was mayor of Moquegua and member of the Constituent Assembly of 1978. His family was based in Moquegua, but moved to Lima due to a pulmonary complication that put him on the verge of death at his birth.

Regarding his father, Martín Vizcarra stated he left a lasting impact on his life.

Education

Vizcarra studied at the IEP Juan XXIII and the GUE Simón Bolívar, in Moquegua. For university education, Martín Vizcarra graduated from the National University of Engineering in Lima in 1984  while also earning a degree in Management Administration from the School of Business Administration (ESAN).

Political career

Governor of Moquegua

His political ambitions began in his home region of Moquegua, where he ran under the APRA party for the governorship in 2006, narrowly missing election. In 2008, Vizcarra led protests, known as “Moqueguazo”, surrounding unequal mining payments to the community. Martín Vizcarra travelled to Lima to mediate the crisis, explaining the payment issue to the Peruvian Council of Ministers who agreed to make necessary changes to laws surrounding the issue. This event inspired Vizcarra’s further political ambitions.

In 2011, Vizcarra was elected to be Governor of Moquegua. During his tenure, social indexes improved and he avoided corruption issues, an achievement The Washington Post described as “one of the rare examples” in Peru. He also conciliated another mining conflict between mining company Anglo American and residents concerned about potential drinking water contamination by a proposed copper mine, playing a major role in settling the dispute. Martín Vizcarra served as governor until the end of 2014.

Vice presidency of Martín Vizcarra

Vizcarra was elected into the office of First Vice President of Peru in 2016 general election, running beside Pedro Pablo Kuczynski of the Peruanos Por el Kambio party. Shortly after being elected, Martín Vizcarra was tasked with serving in other ministries.Martín Vizcarra

Minister of Transportation and Communications

As Minister of Transportation and Communications, Vizcarra served for about one year. During a series of floods in late 2017 and early 2018 which devastated much of Peru, he was tasked with managing the crisis.

With allegations of bribery and bureaucracy plaguing the construction of the Chinchero International Airport in Cusco, Vizcarra cancelled many contracts and until an investigation by the Comptroller’s Office was completed. After facing complaints by political opponents and being summoned to provide hours of testimony surrounding the project, all while being tasked with providing reconstruction following the flooding that affected Peru, Vizcarra resigned his position as minister. Shortly after his resignation, the Comptroller General Edgar Alarcón recommended legal action against ten officials involved with the airport’s construction.

Analysts stated that overall, Vizcarra’s performance as minister was positive, though it was plagued by complications from the Fujimori family’s political forces.Vicepresidente de la República, Martín Vizcarra, participó VI Gore Ejecutivo

Ambassador to Canada

After resigning from the previous ministry, Martín Vizcarra was appointed to be the Peruvian Ambassador to Canada, avoiding public attention. He only returned to Peru during the first impeachment proceedings against President Kuczynski, leaving to Canada shortly after the incident.

President of Peru

Following the resignation of President Kuczynski, Martín Vizcarra returned to Peru to assume the presidency on 23 March 2018. Upon being sworn in, Vizcarra stated in regards to corruption, “we’ve had enough”, promising to lead against such practices in the Andean nation. During this ceremony, some Peruvians took to the streets to protest against the government, calling for the removal of all politicians.

Political ideology

Vizcarra has attributed his political beliefs as stemming from his father, with Vizcarra saying that his guidance made him concerned about social issues. He is pro-business and values his ability to “know how to listen” and to “go step by step”, with his supporters often describing him as a bridge builder who is able to mediate complicated situations. Last  of the aticle taken from perureports.com. 

Who is Martín Vizcarra?

Following Pedro Pablo Kuczynski’s resignation March 21, 2018, Vice President Martín Vizcarra have taking the reins to govern the country.

Kuczynski’s resignation follows the rising pressure against him due to his alleged ties with the Odebrecht corruption scandal. In an Ipsos poll published in El Comercio on March 11, Kuczynski had an approval rating of only 19%, 58% of Peruvians were in favour of his impeachment and 56% said they would be happy if he resigned to allow Vizcarra to take over.

Vizcarra, previously a civil engineer working in the construction business, came to politics in 2010, when he was elected governor of the southern city of Moquegua. La Republica attests that he was one of the most popular regional presidents and gained national recognition as regional governor of Moquegua when the schools in the region came first in the Ministry of Education’s Student Evaluation.

martin vizcarra Martín Vizcarra, left of former President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, is now next in line to assume Peru’s presidency.
Martín Vizcarra, left of former President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, is now next in line to assume Peru’s presidency.

Chosen as a member of the government in July 2016, he worked for the Ministry of Transport and Communication, but he had to leave the cabinet at the end of May 2017 by the same opposition that in the last couple of weeks have been calling him the government’s saviour.

There was controversy as he tried to build the Chinchero airport, which caused furious reactions from the opposition and ended up costing him his job at the Ministry. To escape the backlash of this, he left for Canada, where he was the Peruvian ambassador until he was summoned back today with PPK’s resignation.

As Martín Vizcarra flies to Lima from Ottawa tonight and sets up to take control of the country, questions abound as to what will be his next steps.

March 21, 2018 El Comercio published an interview with Juan Sheput, a spokesperson for centre right party Peruanos Por el Kambio (Peruvians for Change, which is purposefully misspelled as a riff of founder Kuczynski’s identifying initials).

“The best that could happen, if Kuczynski resigns and Martin Vizcarra takes power, is that he has to call a general election,” Sheput said. “The Congress has demonstrated that it cannot handle these circumstances.” 

Peru’s political climate has been steadily worsening amid various accusations of corruption, and time will tell how Vizcarra will deal with the situation.

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