- Raul Khajimba
- Personal details
- Early life and career
- In government (1999–2004)
- Prime Minister (2003–2004)
- 2004 and 2005 Presidential elections
- Vice President (2005–2009)
- Opposition leader (2009–2014)
- 2011 Presidential election
- President (since 2014)
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(Рауль Ҳаџьымба, რაულ ჰაჯიმბა)
(Incumbent) 4th President of Abkhazia
21 March 1958
Tkvarcheli, Georgian SSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Forum for the National Unity of province
Diana Khadjimba, Inal Khadjimba
Abkhazian State University
Raul Khajimba (Abkhaz: Рауль Ҳаџьымба, Georgian: რაულ ჰაჯიმბა; born twenty one March 1958) is that the current President of Abkhazia, having been elective in 2014 when the might Revolution. He was additionally Chairman of the Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia from 2010 – 2015. Khajimba antecedently control the offices of vice chairman (2005–2009), Prime Minister (2003–2004) and Defence Minister (2002–2003). He unsuccessfully ran for President in 2004, 2009 and 2011.
Early life and career
Raul Khajimba was born on twenty one March 1958 in Tkvarcheli, wherever he visited college and worked as a mechanic at the facility station. From 1976 till 1978, he served within the Soviet Air Defence Forces. From 1979 till 1984, he graduated from the Law college of the Abkhasian State University. From 1985 till 1986 Raul Khajimba studied at the Russian agency college in capital of Belarus, and he after served as a Russian agency agent in Tkvarcheli till 1992.
During the 1992–1993 war with Georgia, Khajimba was the top of the military intelligence and intelligence activity operation on the jap front. For his work, he was awarded the Order of Leon.
From 1996 till 1998, Khajimba headed the anti-smuggling division of the State Customs Committee. In 1998, he became its Deputy Chairman.
In government (1999–2004)
Security Service Chairman, 1st Vice Premier and Minister of Defence (1999–2003)
After a bomb attack on thirteen December 1999 in Sukhumi targeting officialdom, President Ardzinba unemployed Astamur Tarba as MI Chairman and appointed Khajimba in his function. On eighteen June 2001, he to boot became 1st Vice Premier. On one Nov he was succeeded as Head of the State MI by Interior Minister Zurab Agumava. On sixteen might 2002, Raul Khajimba was appointed Defence Minister, substitution Vladimir Mikanba, whereas remaining 1st Vice Premier.
Prime Minister (2003–2004)
In the evening of seven Gregorian calendar month 2003, Prime Minister Gennadi Gagulia filed for resignation. Early within the morning of that day, 9 prisoners had on the loose, four of that had been sentenced to death thanks to their involvement within the 2001 Kodori crisis. President Ardzinba ab initio refused to just accept Gagulia’s resignation, however was forced to agree on eight Gregorian calendar month. vice chairman Valery Arshba denied on eight April that the government’s resignation was thanks to the jail escape, and explicit that instead it had been caused by the opposition’s plans to carry protest rallies on ten April. On twenty two April 2003, Raul Khajimba was appointed the new Prime Minister. He remained Prime Minister till October 2004.
As then-President Vladislav Ardzinba was seriously sick and failed to seem publicly throughout his term, Raul Khajimba acted as a de facto head of state in his absence. during this role, he met variety of political leaders, together with Igor Ivanov, government minister of Russia. He has been a pointy opponent of unification with Georgia, and vehemently condemned Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili’s proposal for a two-state federation in might 2004.
2004 and 2005 Presidential elections
Khadjimba was tipped because the favorite to win the October 2004 presidential elections, and was powerfully supported by each outgoing president Ardzinba and Russian President national leader. Each men campaigned on his behalf and dedicated vital resources to aiding the Khadjimba campaign. However, opposition candidate Sergei Bagapsh polled a lot of votes on polling day, in what was wide attributed as a backlash against the sturdy Russian influence in his campaign.
After the election, each Bagapsh and Khadjimba claimed conclusion, with Khadjimba alleging that electoral fraud within the pro-Bagapsh Gali region had been chargeable for Bagapsh’s win. Ardzinba before long unemployed Raul Khajimba as Prime Minister, substitution him with a compromise candidate, Nodar Khashba, and 2 months of drawn-out disputes followed, involving public protests, court action and parliamentary proceedings.
In December 2004, Khadjimba associated Bagapsh came to an agreement which might see the try run as a part of a national unity price ticket in repeat elections, with Khadjimba running as Bagapsh’s Vice-President. As a part of this deal, the position of vice-president was given expanded powers covering defence and foreign affairs. The joint price ticket simply won the Jan 2005 election, winning over ninetieth of the vote.
Vice President (2005–2009)
However, within the aftermath of the election win, several analysts have recommended that Khadjimba’s government authority would be somewhat restricted underneath the new arrangement, with Bagapsh and his Prime Minister, Alexander Ankvab, seemingly to keep up final management over the areas of policy nominally allotted to the vice-president.
The disputation resurfaced once more in June 2008, once Raul Khajimba attended a congress of the Aruaa veteran organisation, of that he’s a member. The congress issued a press release criticizing the Bagapsh administration’s “multi-vector foreign policy”, bearing on the talks with Georgian and Western diplomats, and demanded larger ties with Russia. The pro-Bagapsh politicians from the Amtsakhara veteran organisation delineated Khadjimba’s criticism of the govt, during which he was a vice-president, “immoral”. Later that month, Raul Khajimba reiterated his stance towards Bagapsh’s policy, stating that province’s solely shielder may well be Russia and mistreatment force would be inevitable for capture of the higher Kodori depression in northeastern Abkhazia, the sole a part of province underneath Georgian management at the time. In August 2008, the Abkhasian military did take the higher Kodory depression by force throughout the August 2008 war over South Ossetia.
On eighteen May twenty09 the Forum of the National Unity of province and Aruaa issued a press statement and on 20 May they gave a conference with many alternative opposition parties, on each occasions adjustment severe criticism over the achievements of the govt and up to date policy selections. On twenty eight May Raul Khajimba resigned, speech communication that he in agreement with the criticism, however attributing his failure to tackle corruption and improve security to lack of space for maneuvre and no support from the president Bagapsh whom he additionally suspect of violating the 2004 powersharing agreement and criticized him for linguistic communication a border protection agreement with Russia in 2009.
Opposition leader (2009–2014)
2009 Presidential election
The Russian newspaper Kommersant according that in the summer of 2009 Raul Khajimba had entered negotiations with Beslan Butba over forming associate alliance for within the presidential election, however the try fell out following the visit of Russian Prime Minister national leader to province. Statesman had met with Khajimba, however not with Butba, associated Butba thought of this an unfriendly act on the a part of Khajimba. Throughout the nomination amount for candidates, Raul Khajimba then tried to create a team with Ardzinba. The alliance would have combined Ardzinba’s backing by a part of the businessmen and his monetary resources with Khajimba’s electoral quality. The try same they might run along throughout 2 conferences with voters, and therefore the plan was that they might receive the joint nomination by the Forum of the National Unity of province. In step with the Kommersant, within the finish the try couldn’t agree on what positions they might get. Raul Khajimba wished the Presidency, and offered Ardzinba to become Prime Minister, however this wasn’t acceptable to the latter. The congress of the Forum of the National Unity of province planned on twenty nine October was known as off, associated Ardzinba was instead appointed by an initiative cluster that day.
Khajimba had already been formally appointed for the Presidency by associate interest on nineteen October, and received the extra support on twenty October of the Forum of the National Unity of province, Aruaa and Akhatsa. Khajimba picked Vasilii Avidzba as his Vice Presidential candidate.
Nevertheless, on eighteen Nov Khajimba and Ardzinba proclaimed that they might still coordinate their campaigns, which that they had appointed chairman of Aruaa Vadim Smyr to steer this coordination. On twenty Nov, Raul Khajimba explicit that he and Ardzinba had completely different visions on returning to power, however that he did not think about Ardzinba his opponent, which within the case of a second spherical, he, Ardzinba and Butba would support one another.
A second spherical tested to be inessential, since incumbent President Sergei Bagapsh won a sixty one,16% 1st spherical conclusion. Raul Khajimba came in second place with fifteen,584 votes, 15.32% of the overall variety forged.
Chairman of the Forum of the National Unity of province
On twelve May 2010, Raul Khajimba was elective Chairman of the FNUA, when the party congress had reduced the quantity of Chairmen from a pair of to one.
2011 Presidential election
Khajimba once more ran for President in 2011, when the death of President Sergei Bagapsh. His campaigner was Svetlana Jergenia, widow of 1st President Vladislav Ardzinba. The try was 1st appointed by associate initiative cluster on twenty eight June then by the Forum for the National Unity of province on sixteen Gregorian calendar month. They received the extra support of Akhatsa (5 July), Aruaa (7 July), former Prime Minister and 2004 Presidential candidate Anri Jergenia (27 July) and therefore the Union of the Cossacks of province (5 August).
The try scored a nineteen.82% third place, losing to Acting President Alexander Ankvab.
May 2014 revolution
Khajimba diode opposition protests that forced Alexander Ankvab to resign as President on one June 2014. Raul Khajimba won the next Presidential election with a slim fifty.60% first-round conclusion.
President (since 2014)
Khajimba was inaugurated as president on twenty five September 2014. 2 months into his presidency, he signed a controversial accord with Russian president national leader deepening ties between Abkhasia and Russia. Provisions of the agreement enclosed putting the Abkhasian military underneath the direct management of Russia’s defense force and committing province toward conveyance its trade laws into alignment with the Eurasian Economic Union. The accord was wide condemned within the West and by the Republic of Georgia. However, Raul Khajimba hailed nearer ties with Russia as promoting “the full scope of guarantees for the protection of our state and in depth opportunities for the social and economic development.
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