Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

His Excellency
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg
 
13th President of Turkey
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 August 2014
Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu
Binali Yıldırım
Preceded by Abdullah Gül
25th Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
President
  • Ahmet Necdet Sezer
  • Abdullah Gül
Deputy
Preceded by Abdullah Gül
Succeeded by Ahmet Davutoğlu
Leader of the Justice and Development Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
21 May 2017
Preceded by Binali Yıldırım
In office
14 August 2001 – 27 August 2014
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Ahmet Davutoğlu
Mayor of Istanbul
In office
27 March 1994 – 6 November 1998
Preceded by Nurettin Sözen
Succeeded by Ali Müfit Gürtuna
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
9 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
Constituency
  • Siirt (2003 by-election)
  • Istanbul (I) (2007, 2011)
 turkey president 
Personal details
Born (1954-02-26) 26 February 1954 (age 63)
Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
Political party
  • National Salvation Party (before 1981)
  • Welfare Party (1983–1998)
  • Virtue Party (1998–2001)
  • Justice and Development Party (2001–2014; 2017–present)
Spouse(s) Emine Gülbaran (m. 1978)
Children
  • Ahmet
  • Bilal
  • Sümeyye
Alma mater Marmara University
Signature

Early Life

With roots in Rize, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was born in Istanbul on February 26, 1954. He graduated from Kasımpaşa Piyale Primary School in 1965 and completed his high school education at Istanbul Imam Hatip School (Religious Vocational High School) in 1973. Having succeeded in the necessary examinations for additional courses, Mr. Erdoğan received a diploma from Eyüp High School as well. He received his graduation diploma from Marmara University’s Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences in 1981.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Since his youth, Mr. Erdoğan has chosen to lead a social life intertwining with politics. From 1969 to 1982, he was also actively interested in football which taught him the significance of team work and spirit in his younger years. These years coincided with the time when Mr. Erdoğan as an idealistic young man started to be interested in social and national problems and stepped into active politics.

Assuming active responsibilities at the students’ branch of the National Turkish Students’ Association during his high school and university years, Mr. Erdoğan was elected the Head of the MSP Beyoğlu Youth Branch in 1976 and he was also elected the Head of the MSP İstanbul Youth Branch in the same year. Holding this position until 1980, he served as consultant and senior executive in the private sector during the September 12 era when the political parties were closed down.

Political Ativities

Mr. Erdoğan returned to political activities with the Welfare Party, established in 1983, and he was elected the Beyoğlu District Head of the Welfare Party in 1984. In 1985, he was elected the İstanbul Provincial Head of the Welfare Party and in the same year he became a member of the Central Executive Board of the Welfare Party. Developing a new organizational structure which served as a model for other political parties during his tenure as Istanbul Provincial Head, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan carried out projects that aimed at urging the participation of women and youth in politics, thus taking important steps toward helping politics to be espoused and respected among the masses. This project won the Welfare Party a great success during the mayoral elections in Beyoğlu in 1989, serving as a good example for others in terms of studies at the party across the country. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Mayor of Metropolitan İstanbul

As for the local elections held on March 27, 1994, Mr. Erdoğan was elected Mayor of Metropolitan İstanbul. During his term in office as Mayor, he produced correct diagnoses and solutions to the chronic problems of İstanbul, one of the world’s most important metropolitan cities through his political abilities, the importance he attached to team work and successful management in human resources and financial issues. The water problem was overcome by laying hundreds of kilometers of new pipe line, the garbage problem was solved through the establishment of the most modern recycling facilities and the problem of air pollution ended with the natural gas projects developed during Erdoğan’s term in office. As for traffic congestion and transportation deadlock, more than 50 bridges, passageways and freeways were constructed and many more projects which would guide the other administrations in the city were developed. Taking very stringent precautions for the correct exertion of the municipal resources and to prevent corruption, Mr. Erdoğan paid most of the debts of the İstanbul Municipality which he took over with its 2 billion dollars debt and he during his tenure achieved investments worth 4 billion dollars. Mr. Erdoğan, thus, accomplished a breakthrough in the municipal history and while his works served as good examples for other mayors, he won the confidence of the people.

He was sentenced to imprisonment

On December 12, 1997, while addressing the public in Siirt, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan read a poem from a book, which was recommended by the National Education Ministry and published by a state agency, and after that, he was sentenced to imprisonment for reading that poem. Thus, his term as mayor was ended. 

Mr. Erdoğan, established the AK Party

Mr. Erdoğan, after serving 4 months in prison, established the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) on August 14, 2001 with his friends as a result of the insistent demand from the public and the developing democratic process and he was elected Founding General Chair of the AK Party by the Council of Founders. The favor of the nation made the AK Party a political movement which enjoyed the broadest public support in the country in the very first year of its establishment and made it the sole ruling party with a two-thirds majority at the TBMM at the end of the parliamentary elections held in 2002.

Mr. Erdoğan, who was not a candidate for MP during the elections on November 3, 2002 due to the court’s decision against him at the time, joined the deputy renewal election held on March 9, 2003 in Siirt when the legal obstacle was lifted after the necessary legal regulations had been made. Taking 85 % of the votes cast in that election, he became a deputy from Siirt for the 22nd term. 

Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Taking over the Prime Minister’s office on March 15, 2003, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan implemented a number of reforms of crucial importance in the shortest time with his ideal of a brighter and constantly growing Turkey. The country made great progress in democratization, transparency and the prevention of corruption. In parallel with this, inflation which had not been overcome and which had adversely affected the country’s economy and the psychology of the people for decades was curbed. 6 zeros were removed from the Turkish currency, giving back the Turkish Lira its credit. The rate of the state’s debt interests were lowered and a considerable increase in the national income per capita was achieved. An unprecedented number of dams, residential units, schools, roads, hospitals and power plants were constructed. All these affirmative developments were described by many foreign observers and Western leaders as a “Silent Revolution”.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, in addition to his fruitful initiatives described as a turning point in the history of the country in its bid to join the EU, has taken significant steps toward the resolution of the Cyprus problem  and toward the development of efficient relations with many countries through his rational foreign policy and intense series of visits and contacts. The environment of stability established in the country, while  moving the internal dynamics, has made Turkey a pivotal country. Turkey’s volume of trade and political power have remarkably increased not only in its region but also in the international area.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, as the General Chairman of the AK Party, won a great victory during the parliamentary elections held on July 22, 2007 and established the 60th government of the Republic of Turkey by winning 46.6 % of the votes and received the vote of confidence.

Mr. Erdoğan, winning 49 % of the votes, arose triumphant at the end of the parliamentary elections held on June 12, 2011 and established the 61st government.

Elected the 12th President on August 10, 2014, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is also the first President of the Republic of Turkey elected by popular vote.

Upon the approval of the constitutional amendment in a referendum on April 16 allowing the President to retain his/her party membership, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was elected at the 3rd Extraordinary Congress on May 21, 2017, as the Chairman of the AK Party, of which he is the founder. 

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, winning 52.59% of the votes, was re-elected President in the Presidential elections, held on June 24, 2018.

Mr. Erdoğan was sworn in on July 9, 2018 as the first President of the Presidential System of Government, which Turkey switched to following the constitutional amendment that was adopted in the referendum on April 16, 2017.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is married with 4 children.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Last Activities

12.04.2018
Phone Call with U.S. President Trump
07.04.2018
Kyrgyz President Jeenbekov to visit Turkey
31.03.2018
President Erdoğan’s Message on Easter
31.03.2018
Russian President Putin and Iranian President Rouhani to Visit Turkey
30.03.2018
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Message on Passover
29.03.2018
Press Statement on the Defense Industry Executive Committee’s Meeting
23.03.2018
Press Statement on Turkey-EU Summit
17.03.2018
March 18th Martyrs’ Day and 103rd Anniversary of Çanakkale Victory
24.02.2018
President Erdoğan’s Visits to Algeria, Mauritania, Senegal and Mali
18.02.2018
President Gjorge Ivanov of Macedonia to Visit Turkey
11.02.2018
President Adama Barrow of Gambia to Visit Turkey
01.02.2018
President Erdoğan to Visit Vatican City and Italy
27.01.2018
Statement on the Phone Call Between Presidential Spokesperson Ambassador İbrahim Kalın and US National Security Advisor General H.R. McMaster
24.01.2018
Phone Call with U.S. President Trump
15.01.2018
Qatar Emir Sheikh Tamim to Visit Turkey
08.01.2018
President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović of Croatia to Visit Turkey
06.01.2018
Opening Ceremony of Iron Church. This activities taken from tccb.gov.

 A  Video of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

  President Donald Trump will hold his first face-to-face meeting with Turkey’s president Tuesday amid accusations that Trump gave Russian officials classified intelligence from a foreign ally.

   Trump and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan are expected to address the Syrian civil war, refugee crisis and the fight against the Islamic State group, including the U.S. decision to arm Syrian Kurdish fighters despite Turkey’s vehement objections.    But the meeting will take place with a White House still responding to what a senior U.S. official said was disclosure of classified information about an Islamic State terror threat involving laptop computers on aircraft. Trump shared the threat in a meeting with Russia’s foreign minister and U.S. ambassador in the Oval Office last week, according to the official, who wasn’t authorized to speak publicly on the matter and demanded anonymity.   The matter could emerge in Trump’s meeting with Erdogan. The U.S. is relying on regional allies including Turkey for intelligence-sharing and military assistance as it crafts a Syria policy, particularly as Iran and Russia work to bolster Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government.   Trump launched cruise missiles last month at a Syrian air base after accusing Assad of using chemical weapons. But the president hasn’t outlined a strategy to quell the six-year civil war or usher Assad out of power, which his administration says will be needed to stabilize the Arab country.   Tension was expected already for the Erdogan talks, after the U.S. announced last week that it would arm Kurdish Syrian militants to help them fight IS. Turkey has been pressuring the U.S. to drop support for the militants and doesn’t want them spearheading an operation to retake IS’ self-declared capital of Raqqa.    Turkey believes the Kurds in Syria are linked to a Turkish Kurdish group, known as the PKK, which the U.S., the European Union and Turkey all consider a terrorist organization. The U.S. sees the Syrian Kurds as their best battlefield partner on the ground in northern Syria. He was re-elected in the 2018 general election and will assume the role of Executive President and become both the head of state and head of government.

Honours and accolades

Foreign Honours

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, with U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden, delivers remarks in honor of Erdoğan, 16 May 2013
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, with U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden, delivers remarks in honor of Erdoğan, 16 May 2013
Erdoğan joined by his Kosovo counterpart Hashim Thaçi, 3 November 2010
Erdoğan joined by his Kosovo counterpart Hashim Thaçi, 3 November 2010
  • Russia: State medal; from the President of the Russian Federation (1 June 2006).[401]
  • Pakistan: Nishan-e-Pakistan, the highest civilian award in Pakistan (26 October 2009)
  • Georgia: Order of Golden Fleece (17 May 2010) for his contribution to development of bilateral relations.
  • Kyrgyzstan: Danaker Order in Bishkek (2 February 2011).
  • Belgium: Grand Cordon in the Order of Leopold.
  • Madagascar: Knight Grand Cross in the national Order (2017).

Other awards

  • 29 January 2004: Profile of Courage Award from the American Jewish Congress, for promoting peace between cultures. Returned at the request of the A.J.C. in July 2014.
  • 13 June 2004: Golden Plate award from the Academy of Achievementduring the conference in Chicago.
  • 3 October 2004: German Quadriga prize for improving relationships between different cultures.
  • 2 September 2005: Mediterranean Award for Institutions (Italian: Premio Mediterraneo Istituzioni). This was awarded by the Fondazione Mediterraneo.
  • 8 August 2006: Caspian Energy Integration Award from the Caspian Integration Business Club.
  • 1 November 2006: Outstanding Service award from the Turkish humanitarian organization Red Crescent.
  • 2 February 2007: Dialogue Between Cultures Award from the President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev.
  • 15 April 2007: Crystal Hermes Award from the German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the opening of the Hannover Industrial Fair.
  • 11 July 2007: highest award of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the Agricola Medal, in recognition of his contribution to agricultural and social development in Turkey.
  • 11 May 2009: Avicenna award from the Avicenna Foundation in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • 9 June 2009: guest of honor at the 20th Crans Montana Forum in Brussels and received the Prix de la Fondation, for democracy and freedom.
  • 25 June 2009: Key to the City of Tirana on the occasion of his state visit to Albania.
  • 29 December 2009: Award for Contribution to World Peace from the Turgut Özal Thought and Move Association.
  • 12 January 2010: King Faisal International Prize for “service to Islam” from the King Faisal Foundation.
  • 23 February 2010: Nodo Culture Award from the mayor of Seville for his efforts to launch the Alliance of Civilizations initiative.
  • 1 March 2010: United Nations–HABITAT award in memorial of Rafik Hariri. A seven-member international jury unanimously found Erdoğan deserving of the award because of his “excellent achievement and commendable conduct in the area of leadership, statesmanship and good governance. Erdoğan also initiated the first roundtable of mayors during the Istanbul conference, which led to a global, organized movement of mayors.”
  • 27 May 2010: medal of honor from the Brazilian Federation of Industry for the State of São Paulo (FIESP) for his contributions to industry
  • 31 May 2010: World Health Organization 2010 World No Tobacco Award for “his dedicated leadership on tobacco control in Turkey.”
  • 29 June 2010: 2010 World Family Award from the World Family Organization which operates under the umbrella of the United Nations.
  • 4 November 2010: Golden Medal of Independence, an award conferred upon Kosovo citizens and foreigners that have contributed to the independence of Kosovo.
  • 25 November 2010: “Leader of the Year” award presented by the Union of Arab Banks in Lebanon.
  • 11 January 2011: “Outstanding Personality in the Islamic World Award” of the Sheikh Fahad al-Ahmad International Award for Charity in Kuwait.
  • 25 October 2011: Palestinian International Award for Excellence and Creativity (PIA) 2011 for his support to the Palestinian people and cause.
  • 21 January 2012: ‘Gold Statue 2012 Special Award’ by the Polish Business Center Club (BCC). Erdoğan was awarded for his systematic effort to clear barriers on the way to economic growth, striving to build democracy and free market relations.

Taken From Wikipedia and tccb.gov.tr

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