Sher Bahadur Deuba
|Sher Bahadur Deuba
शेर बहादुर देउवा
|Previous Prime Minister of Nepal|
7 June 2017
|President||Bidhya Devi Bhandari|
|Preceded by||Pushpa Kamal Dahal|
3 June 2004 – 1 February 2005
|Preceded by||Surya Bahadur Thapa|
|Succeeded by||Girija Prasad Koirala|
26 July 2001 – 4 October 2002
|Preceded by||Girija Prasad Koirala|
|Succeeded by||Lokendra Bahadur Chand|
12 September 1995 – 12 March 1997
|Preceded by||Man Mohan Adhikari|
|Succeeded by||Lokendra Bahadur Chand|
|President of the Nepali Congress|
7 March 2016
|Preceded by||Sushil Koirala|
|Born||(1946-06-13) 13 June 1946
|Political party||Nepali Congress (Before 2002; 2007–present)
Nepali Congress-Democratic (2002–2007)
|Spouse(s)||Arzu Rana Deuba|
Sher Bahadur Deuba (Nepali: ne:शेर बहादुर देउवा) born June 13, 1946)is a Nepalese politician and the Prime Minister of Nepal, in office since 2017. He previously served as Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, and from 2004 to 2005. He is also the President of the Nepali Congress, elected with more than 60% of the votes at the party’s 13th Convention in 2016. He has twice been elected as the leader of parliamentary party of the Nepali Congress, thus enabling him to be elected twice as the Prime Minister of Nepal.
He was elected as Prime Minister for the second time when he succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala, who resigned in July 2001. He dissolved the House of Representatives on May 2002 in order to hold new elections but was unable to do so due to the ongoing civil war. This also led to a split in Nepali Congress with Deuba heading the Nepali Congress (Democratic). King Gyanendra then removed Deuba in October 2002 terming him incompetent for not holding parliamentary elections. After two other governments, Gyanendra restored Deuba to the position of Prime Minister in 2004. He was again removed from office on 1 February 2005 by King Gyanendra, who dissolved the government for three years and seized direct power.
Deuba was sentenced to two years in prison in July 2005 under corruption charges, but was subsequently released on February 13, 2006, after the anti-corruption body that sentenced him was outlawed. An official from Deuba’s Nepali Congress (Democratic) party, Dip Kumar Upadhaya, told the Associated Press that Deuba’s release was “a victory for democracy and a humiliating defeat for the royal regime”.
He has been elected as a Member of Parliament three times, representing Dadeldhura District.
Following street protests against the UML government of Man Mohan Adhikari, he was declared the Parliamentary Leader of Nepali Congress in 1994.
In the election held to select the Parliamentary Leader for Nepali Congress following the resignation of G. P. Koirala, in 2001, he defeated Sushil Koirala by a huge margin. This victory established him as a powerful leader, especially because his rival was supported by G. P. Koirala, the president of Nepali Congress.
However, in 2009, he lost the election for the position of the Leader of the Parliamentary Party of the Nepali Congress to Ram Chandra Paudel. His loss was attributed to his support for party leader G. P. Koirala, who wanted his daughter, Sujata Koirala (an unpopular leader), to lead the party.
Deuba comes from Asigram – 3, Dadeldhura, one of the most remote district in the Far West Region of Nepal.
He is married to Dr. Arzu Rana Deuba and has a son, Jaiveer Singh Deuba.
In November 2016, Deuba was conferred an honorary doctorate degree by Jawaharlal Nehru University.
Deouba has a Master Degree in Political Science while he holds Bachelors Degree in Arts and Law. He was also the Research Fellow of Political in Prestigious London School Of Economics from 1988 to 1989.
Nepali Congress (Democratic)
After dispute between Girija Prasad Koirala, President of Nepali Congress and Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Prime Minister, over continuation of Emergency Situation in Nepal, Nepali Congress underwent vertical split into Nepali Congress led by Koirala and Nepali Congress (Democratic) led by Deuba. Both parties ultimately merged in 2007 with the name of unified party to remain as Nepali Congress.
2008 Constituent Assembly election
In the Constituent Assembly election held on April 10, 2008, the Nepali Congress nominated Deuba as its candidate for Dadeldhura and Kanchanpur-4 constituencies under the first-past-the-post (FPTP) system. He won from both the constituencies.
In the subsequent vote for Prime Minister, held in the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 2008, Deuba was nominated by the Nepali Congress, but was defeated by Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Deuba received 113 votes, while Prachanda received 464.
Deuba was elected as the Vice President of Socialist International during its Congress held in Athens, Greece from 30 June 2008 to 2 July 2008
Now acting prime minister is Khadga Prasad Oli..
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